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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in South Dakota,   pp. 328-352 PDF (11.7 MB)


Page 333

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN           SOUTH   DAKOTA.        333 
of Miss A. B. Busby, principal teacher, and Helen C. Sheahan, kindergartner.
Very good results have been obtained during the school year. The entertain-
ment given by the pupils at the close of the year was evidence of earnest
and 
energetic work by the two teachers and other school employees. 
The standard of our school is lowered by the following conditions: Our 
children are all taken from the camps at an early age and have everything
to 
learn. Owing to their natural shyness under the new conditions, they require
much time and patient effort on the part of the teachers. When they have
spent some years at this school, and begin to show creditable advancement,
these pupils are transferred, and in a few more years increase the number
of 
graduates in some nonreservation school. If they were required to remain
to 
complete the course of study and graduate, the' literary standard of our
school 
would be much higher. 
School farin and stock raising.-This branch of the service is a very important
one and every effort possible has been put forth to teach the pupils, both
boys 
and girls, the necessity and the advantages to be gained from tilling the
land 
and the raising of stock. Good results have been achieved at this school
the 
past year from the farm and stock, as shown by the farm report for the year
ending December 31, 1904. The present season has been a very favorable one
so far, from the fact that we have had an abundance of rainfall, and all
farm 
anl garden products are making a fine showing. A detail of ten boys and ten
girls have been kept at the school during vacation to assist in the farm
and dairy 
work, and have rendered valuable services, the boys being taught to milk
and care for cows, horses, pigs, sheep, etc., and the girls butter making,
cook- 
ing, sewing, laundry work, and all branches of housekeeping. 
School buildings.-All buildings are old* and not what is desired. However,
all of them, except the building used for girls' dormitory' kitchen, dining
room, 
bake room, and sewing room will meet the requirements for some time to come.
This building has been condemned by every inspecting official visiting the
school 
for the past ten years, as you will observe by an examination of their reports,
also by every agent and superintendent here during said time, and I desire
again 
to recommend in the strongest manner possible that a new building for girls'
dormitory and for uses above stated be erected at the earliest date possible,
and that an appropriation of at least $30,000 be provided for the building
and 
equipping the same. It requires a large expense each year to repair this
old 
shack, which is practically a waste of funds. At its very best it is an old,
in- 
sanitary fire trap. 
The Immaculate Conception mission school, located at Stephan, on this reser-
vation, is ably conducted by Rev. Father Pius Boehm, superintendent, and
Rev. A. M. Mattingly, assistant. The enrollment and average attendance at
this 
school is as follows: First quarter: Enrollment, 71; attendance, 69. Second
quarter: Enrollment, 72; attendance, 70. Third quarter: Enrollment, 71; at-
tendance, 70. Fourth quarter: Enrollment, 72; attendance, 71. 
This school is doing excellent work and at a very small expense to the 
Government. The pupils attending this school are also taught farming, stock
raising, dairying, and housekeeping in its several branches. 
Health.-With reference to the general health and sanitary conditions, Dr.
Julius Silberstein, agency physician, reports: 
The general health of the Indians and the general and personal hygienic conditions
have been good. We had no epidemic, but acute diseases and tuberculosis,
in various 
forms. The most of the 45 deaths were due to tuberculosis; some to old age,
and but few 
to acute diseases. 
In the treatment and prevention of tuberculosis the plan as outlined in my
thesis, 
written for the Indian Office, has been followed with beneficial results.
This plan 
of treatment-fresh air, diet, exercise, hygiene, and sanitation-is the only
means with 
which tuberculosis can be cured and controlled. 
The Indians having constant work are learning that labor is health-health
to body 
and mind. 
During the last school year the general health of the pupils of our schools
was good. 
So was the attendance good, although many children were excused from school
on account 
of tuberculosis. 
The sanitary condition of our school buildings is not good; we need new buildings,
and, worse than this, we do need a plant of sewerage and bathing facilities.
Missionary work.-The missionary and church work on this reservation is 
being conducted by Rev. H. Burt, representing the Episcopal; Rev. Father
Pius 
Boehm, the Catholic, and Rev. Daniel Renville, a native clergyman, the 
Presbyterian. Each is doing excellent work. 
HARuRY D. CHIAMBERLAIN, Indian Agent. 


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