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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in Oklahoma,   pp. 291-323 PDF (15.9 MB)

Page 319

Sabbath schools are also held at the "Bressie" district school,
agency district 
school, and at the training school every Sunday morning, all attended by
whites and Indians, the latter being mostly "returned" and active
students of 
the Indian training schools. Special mention should be made of the very in-
teresting mid-week young peoples' meetings, held at the agency district school,
which are attended by numerous "returned students," other Indians,
and white 
people; this is probably the most potent factor for good on the reservation.
The moral tone of the Ponca is low, but much hope is entertained for the
younger educated people. 
Marital.-During the year 13 marriages were solemnized, 3 by the missionary,
1 by the probate judge, and 9 by myself. The marriage relation is first en-
tered in accordance with the Indian custom; then reported to me by the Indian
police; finally "rounded up," and the legal ceremony performed
by the proper 
Three divorces were granted by the district court during the year. 
Judicial.-The court of Indian offenses, consisting of three Indian judges,
having lost all semblance of authority by the abolishment of the reservation
boundaries and the allotment of tribal lands, went out of existence June
1905, ending a career of much usefulness in the management of minor offenses
committed by the Indians. The civil courts now have entire jurisdiction in
matters appertaining to the Indians here. 
The Tonkawa.-The Tonkawa all possess allotments and are living in very 
comfortable houses thereon; are happy and contented; have a religion of their
own, and practice a few of the old-time Indian ceremonies. They are directly
in charge of Mr. G. C. Brewer, additional farmer, who has been with these
people many years, and who has maintained a very solicitous care over them
and whose influence has been very beneficial to the tribe. 
Superintendent and Special Disbursing Agent. 
SAC AND Fox AGENCY, OKLA., August 19, 1905. 
The agency is located 6 miles south of Stroud, Okla., on the St. Louis and
San Francisco Railroad, and 8 miles east of Chuckaho, Okla., on the Sante
Railroad. The school is located about three-quarters of a mile northeast
of the 
The school buildings consist of a girls' building, a boys' building, school
ing, barn, and a few smaller buildings and sheds. Only two of the buildings
what they should be; these are the girls' building and school building. The
buildings are old and poorly arranged for the purpose for which they are
An employees' building and either a new laundry or extensive alterations
additions to the old laundry building are required. The school has been estab-
lished for over thirty years and some of the buildings are antiquated. Steps
have been taken to prospect for water by drilling. The present supply of
is totally inadequate, and as soon as a sufficient supply is assured a new
system will be necessary. A sewerage system is needed and should be installed
at once. The old lines of sewer pipe now installed are of very little value.
Attendance.-The highest enrollment for any month of the year was 99 
pupils, of whom 3 were day pupils and 96 boarding pupils. The average at-
tendance for the year was 87. Nearly all of the children of school age were
placed in school, only a few of the 5 and 6 year old ones, and those excused
account of their health. being out. A number of the children removed with
parents from this agency to Iowa, which reduced the attendance below what
it would have been had we been able to take advantage of the full number
pupils of school age. A number of children of school age are enrolled in
reservation schools and a further number are virtually white and attend the
district schools in the vicinity where they reside. Others live at other
and while our scholastic population is 152 we have a much smaller number
this to draw on. 
Instruction.-Farming and stock raising are the principal occupations at 
which most of these Indians must earn their daily bread, if they earn it
at all. 
A few who have learned trades have thus far made little use of their training.
In most of the cases afnong these Indians it serves as an excuse for idleness
greater part of the time. When they are urged to go to work on their allot-
ments they have a "job" at painting or other work on hand. 

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