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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in Oklahoma,   pp. 291-323 PDF (15.9 MB)

Page 306

Gla88-room work.-The work of this department was satisfactory In the main.
The kin- 
dergarten and primary department were overcrowded-more pupils than one teacher
do Justice by. We were denied additional help in this department on account
of there 
being no funds available to pay the salary of another teacher.-The employees,
as a 
whole, have been faithful and earnest workers with but few breaches of harmony.
The buildings and grounds are in good repair. The new girls' dormitory could
criticised as to the plan and arrangement, but as it is such an improvement
on the old one 
and Colonel Randlett has worked so hard and long to get it, I forego all
criticisms with 
grateful thanks. A new steam laundry is the only improvement needed to complete
this plant, and we hope to secure it at an early date. 
J. W. HADDON, Superintendent. 
PAWHUSKA, OKLA., August 16, 1905. 
The Osage Reservation is located between the Arkansas River on the west 
and south, the State of Kansas on the north, and the ninety-sixth meridian
longitude on the east, and has a mean elevation of 816 feet above sea level.
land on the reservation is about 60 per cent prairie or open land and 40
per cent 
hilly and timbered. The prairie *soil is about half limestone and half sandstone,
and is fertile, raising an abundance of wild grass, and when placed under
vation is productive of large and varied crops. The timber lands consist
river bottoms and broken hills, some of which will make valuable and productive
farms when properly cleared. The entire reservation is well watered by 
innumerable springs and fresh-water streams that traverse its area, many
which assume considerable proportions and abound with all kinds of fish found
in this locality. The reservation has a gross area of about 1,470,055 acres.
slope of the land and general course of the streams is to the southeast.
It has 
already been proven by development that the Osage Reservation is very rich
petroleum and natural gas and constitutes one of the richest oil fields yet
opened up. There is every indication that minerals in paying quantities may
be found within its boundaries. Indication of goodly sized coal deposits
apparent in two or three different places on the reservation. 
Population.-A census of the Osage tribe at the close of the fiscal year 1905
shows a population as follows: 
All ages (males, 973; females, 964) * -      -     -     1,937 
18 years and over (males, 463; females, 542)-  -         1, 005 
Between 6 and 16 (males, 311; females, 297)-               608 
Full bloods, all ages and sexes                            841 
Mixed bloods, all ages and sexes,-----------------------1096 
There was a net increase during the year of 42, 3 full bloods and 39 mixed
It is hard to estimate the White population on this reservation, it being
transient and irregular. I believe there are from 10,000 to 15,000 white
residing here at this time. 
Revenues.-As is a well-known fact to all who make themselves familiar with
the statistics of Indian tribes, the Osage tribe of Indians are about the
people per capita on the face of the globe. They have a principal fund held
trust for them by the United States Treasurer of about $8,372,427.80, which
draws 5 per cent interest per annum, making an annual income of $418,611.39.
This interest, besides paying the expenses of running the Osage schools and
agency, is paid to the individual members of the tribe, per capita, in four
quarterly payments. 
In addition to this, during the past year there has been derived from grazing,
etc., $154,748.23; permits paid by nonresidents, at the rate of $1 per month,
$4,137; royalty on oil and gas, $128,897.12, making a total income from miscel-
laneous sources of $287,782.35. This amount will be greatly increased during
the coming year on account of the rapidly increasing production of oil and
on the reserve, the tribe receiving 10 per cent royalty on all oil produced
on the 
reservation and $50 per annum on every gas well developed and used commer-
Five per capita payments have been made during the fiscal year 1905-four
regular quarterly payments of $80,000 each, aggregating $320,000, and one
special payment in June last, aggregating $348,000 derived from accumulated
interest, grass moneys, and royalty on oil and gas-making a total amount

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