United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
Reports concerning Indians in Oklahoma, pp. 291-323 PDF (15.9 MB)
REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN OKLAHOMA. 297 the Indians from running in debt in anticipation of the money they will receive from land, and insures a more wise investment. The Indians as a whole are getting rid of a great many of their small pbny teams and providing themselves with larger and better teams, which will prove a great advantage in their farming. A great drawback to these Indians is their tendency to hire out to go with Wild West shows, and in this way they travel around over the country and come home generally poorer than when they went away. The street fairs and celebrations of different kinds try to get parties of Indians to dance and parade as an attraction to their celebration. The handbills in advertising generally state that there will be an Indian sun dance or a war dance in all the grandeur of barbaric splendor. The dance is generally a fake, yet the Indians get plenty to eat, and they like to attend these celebrations better than they like to farm. The agent has these influences to counteract, as well as to influence the Indians to take up a life of industry, which is not akin to their natural tendencies; yet, in looking back I can see great advancement has been made, and there is no doubt but it will be more rapid as education becomes more universal among them. The schools of this superintendency are the Seger Indian Training School and the Red Moon Boarding School. The Seger Indian Training School had an attendance the past year of 119 and an average of 105. The school is industrial. The industries are farming, gardening, and stock raising for the boys and cooking, housekeeping, laundry work, and sewing for the girls. There is also a class of girls who take nurse training at the hospital and are taught housekeeping and cooking. They are trained in nursing and in putting up prescriptions, and in addition to this there are two of the class who reside at the hospital and maintain, under the supervision of the trained nurse, a typical home. They remain a month at a time, when the detail is changed. They are taught family cooking, bread making, as well as how to cook for the sick. They take care of a flock of chickens, and get a great deal of special training along useful lines. I believe the training these -nurse girls get will be of great use to them. Children who are slightly ailing but not excused from duty report to the hospital two or three times a day, as the case may need, and by adopting this method cases that would otherwise develop into serious illness are averted. The class of nurse girls is given lessons by the physician each week on care of the sick, minor physiology, anatomy, and treatment of emergency and special diseases, following principally' the book on nursing by Miss Stoney. If the physician is absent, the nurse gives the lectures and quizzes. Every precaution possible is taken to prevent disease in the school; the grounds, the school buildings, the dormitories, the kitchen, and sleeping rooms are frequently in- spected by the physician and every unhealthy condition is reported at once. This precaution we believe to be in a great measure responsible for the general good health of the school. There has been a brass band maintained at the school, which made great progress in learning to play, and really can play good music. The boys who. belonged to the band were very much interested. There has been a penny savings bank organized at the school. There are 87 stockholders. The resources of the bank are $139,34, which represents the savings and interest for the past year. I consider the training in saving money and teaching the children how to make their savings earn them something will be of great benefit to them. To show the progress in the schoolroom, I will report that this school chal- lenged one of the public schools near here to a competitive contest for a prize of a flag of the United States. Each school picked out eight of its scholars. The exercises consisted of declamations, essays, and readings. The Seger Indian school won the prize by three points to one. The citizens in the surrounding country manifested great interest Prominent people from Cordell, the county seat, 20 miles distant, were in attendance, as well as President Campbell, of the Southwestern Normal, and others from Weatherford, 14 miles distant. After superintending this school since it was first established, covering a period of about thirteen years, I leave it a well-equipped plant. The school has a steam laundry, a good water system, gas light, and a sewer system, also a hospital. The principal buildings are of brick. There are 2,560 acres of land belonging to the school reserve, all under fence with necessary cross fences.
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