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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Oklahoma,   pp. 291-323 PDF (15.9 MB)


Page 297

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN OKLAHOMA.                 297 
the Indians from running in debt in anticipation of the money they will receive
from land, and insures a more wise investment. 
The Indians as a whole are getting rid of a great many of their small pbny
teams and providing themselves with larger and better teams, which will prove
a great advantage in their farming. 
A great drawback to these Indians is their tendency to hire out to go with
Wild West shows, and in this way they travel around over the country and
come home generally poorer than when they went away. The street fairs and
celebrations of different kinds try to get parties of Indians to dance and
parade 
as an attraction to their celebration. The handbills in advertising generally
state that there will be an Indian sun dance or a war dance in all the grandeur
of barbaric splendor. The dance is generally a fake, yet the Indians get
plenty 
to eat, and they like to attend these celebrations better than they like
to farm. 
The agent has these influences to counteract, as well as to influence the
Indians 
to take up a life of industry, which is not akin to their natural tendencies;
yet, 
in looking back I can see great advancement has been made, and there is no
doubt but it will be more rapid as education becomes more universal among
them. 
The schools of this superintendency are the Seger Indian Training School
and the Red Moon Boarding School. 
The Seger Indian Training School had an attendance the past year of 119 
and an average of 105. The school is industrial. The industries are farming,
gardening, and stock raising for the boys and cooking, housekeeping, laundry
work, and sewing for the girls. 
There is also a class of girls who take nurse training at the hospital and
are 
taught housekeeping and cooking. They are trained in nursing and in putting
up prescriptions, and in addition to this there are two of the class who
reside 
at the hospital and maintain, under the supervision of the trained nurse,
a 
typical home. They remain a month at a time, when the detail is changed.
They are taught family cooking, bread making, as well as how to cook for
the 
sick. They take care of a flock of chickens, and get a great deal of special
training along useful lines. I believe the training these -nurse girls get
will be 
of great use to them. 
Children who are slightly ailing but not excused from duty report to the
hospital two or three times a day, as the case may need, and by adopting
this 
method cases that would otherwise develop into serious illness are averted.
The class of nurse girls is given lessons by the physician each week on care
of the sick, minor physiology, anatomy, and treatment of emergency and special
diseases, following principally' the book on nursing by Miss Stoney. If the
physician is absent, the nurse gives the lectures and quizzes. Every precaution
possible is taken to prevent disease in the school; the grounds, the school
buildings, the dormitories, the kitchen, and sleeping rooms are frequently
in- 
spected by the physician and every unhealthy condition is reported at once.
This precaution we believe to be in a great measure responsible for the 
general good health of the school. 
There has been a brass band maintained at the school, which made great 
progress in learning to play, and really can play good music. The boys who.
belonged to the band were very much interested. 
There has been a penny savings bank organized at the school. There are 
87 stockholders. The resources of the bank are $139,34, which represents
the 
savings and interest for the past year. I consider the training in saving
money 
and teaching the children how to make their savings earn them something 
will be of great benefit to them. 
To show the progress in the schoolroom, I will report that this school chal-
lenged one of the public schools near here to a competitive contest for a
prize of a 
flag of the United States. Each school picked out eight of its scholars.
The 
exercises consisted of declamations, essays, and readings. The Seger Indian
school won the prize by three points to one. The citizens in the surrounding
country manifested great interest Prominent people from Cordell, the county
seat, 20 miles distant, were in attendance, as well as President Campbell,
of 
the Southwestern Normal, and others from Weatherford, 14 miles distant. 
After superintending this school since it was first established, covering
a 
period of about thirteen years, I leave it a well-equipped plant. The school
has 
a steam laundry, a good water system, gas light, and a sewer system, also
a 
hospital. The principal buildings are of brick. There are 2,560 acres of
land 
belonging to the school reserve, all under fence with necessary cross fences.


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