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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in Oklahoma,   pp. 291-323 PDF (15.9 MB)

Page 295

The stock owned is as follows: By Indians: 1,145 horses, 153 mules, 364 
cattle, 42 swine, and 1,106 domestie fowls. By agency and schools: 42 horses,
2 mules, 147 cattle, 107 swine, and 30 domestic fowls. All of the stock is
good shape. 
Sale of inherited Indian lands.-During the year 5,100 acres were sold, as
28 tracts of 160 acres each, 4.480 acres--------------$55, 019. 75 
7 tracts of 80 acres each, 560 acres-------------------6, 890. 10 
1 tract of 60 acres--------------                       3, 800. 00 
Total     ------------------------------65, 709. 75 
This year a great improvement has been noted in the saving of money by 
the Indians, they now having of the above sum $25,364.08 on deposit to their
credit, although a large portion of this sum will go to pay debts heretofore
Customs.-The old customs are fast disappearing and the Indians are 
adapting themselves to civilized customs, the men nearly all wearing citizen's
clothes and the women a modest dress of calico. Their morals are good, and
all marriages, according to law, are either performed by ministers or civil
Whisky drinking, limited to a few, mescal eating, and borrowing money, 
from usurers are their chief drawbacks. Dancing and gambling have about 
been done away with. 
Health.-The sanitary condition of the agency and schools is good. No 
epidemic has visited these people this year, but about the same number as
heretofore, 54, have died, mostly caused by consumption, but the same, I
glad to say, is not on the increase. The births numbered 40, an increase
deaths over births of 14. As a general rule the Indians are enjoying good
Education.-There are only two schools on this reservation, both supported
the Government. The Cheyenne Training School, with a capicity of 140 and
average attendance of 132, and the Arapaho Training School with a capacity
150 and an average attendance of 109. Good work has been done in both of
schools. No other schools are needed, as we have ample accommodations for
the scholastic population of 328, less about 70 away from the reservation
nonreservation, public, and training schools. 
Missionaries.-In the main their work has been of benefit to the Indians.
It is reported that altogether 355 Indians have been baptized and 263 are
Lieutenant-Colonel, U. S. Army, 
Superintendent and Special Disbursing Agent. 
DARLINGTON, OKLA., August 1, 1905. 
The entire enrollment for the year was 118-64 boys and 54 girls. In October
boys were transferred to Hampton Institute, Virginia. School opened on the
Monday in September and continued in session until the 31st of May, at which
the superintendent received an order from the Indian Office to furlough all
the employees 
except four and send the children to their homes; therefore the school was
in session 
only nine months. 
To carry on the farm work during the three months of vacation the boys were
six in each detail, for the term of twenty-three days each, and thus far
all have reported 
promptly on time and they have done their work cheerfully. With my thirteen
experience in six different schools in the Indian school service, I must
say that I have 
found no better workers than the Arapaho children. 
During the year twelve children were sent home by the agency physician on
of sickness, and two of those sent home died before the close of school.
There were only three runaways during the school year. 
The work in the schoolrooms was excellent. There were three teachers last
but at the end of the year one position was abolished, leaving two. 
The girls have been carefully trained in cooking, sewing, laundrying, and
house work, 
as far as could be done in an Indian boarding school. 
The work on the farm this year has been very successful, promising good crops
corn, millet, and kaffir corn; the wheat making only a fair crop, the oats
an average 
yield; two cuttings of alfalfa, and the third one soon will be ready. There
are two 
gardens, one of about half an acre, worked by the girls-a great success,
and a general 
garden of about 5 acres under the supervision of the farmer produced a great
of vegetables. 
Gz0. W. MYERS, Assistant uuperintendent. 

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