United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
Reports concerning Indians in Oklahoma, pp. 291-323 PDF (15.9 MB)
REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN OKLAHOMA. 295 The stock owned is as follows: By Indians: 1,145 horses, 153 mules, 364 cattle, 42 swine, and 1,106 domestie fowls. By agency and schools: 42 horses, 2 mules, 147 cattle, 107 swine, and 30 domestic fowls. All of the stock is in good shape. Sale of inherited Indian lands.-During the year 5,100 acres were sold, as follows: 28 tracts of 160 acres each, 4.480 acres--------------$55, 019. 75 7 tracts of 80 acres each, 560 acres-------------------6, 890. 10 1 tract of 60 acres-------------- 3, 800. 00 Total ------------------------------65, 709. 75 This year a great improvement has been noted in the saving of money by the Indians, they now having of the above sum $25,364.08 on deposit to their credit, although a large portion of this sum will go to pay debts heretofore contracted. Customs.-The old customs are fast disappearing and the Indians are adapting themselves to civilized customs, the men nearly all wearing citizen's clothes and the women a modest dress of calico. Their morals are good, and all marriages, according to law, are either performed by ministers or civil authorities. Whisky drinking, limited to a few, mescal eating, and borrowing money, from usurers are their chief drawbacks. Dancing and gambling have about been done away with. Health.-The sanitary condition of the agency and schools is good. No epidemic has visited these people this year, but about the same number as heretofore, 54, have died, mostly caused by consumption, but the same, I am glad to say, is not on the increase. The births numbered 40, an increase of deaths over births of 14. As a general rule the Indians are enjoying good health. Education.-There are only two schools on this reservation, both supported by the Government. The Cheyenne Training School, with a capicity of 140 and an average attendance of 132, and the Arapaho Training School with a capacity of 150 and an average attendance of 109. Good work has been done in both of these schools. No other schools are needed, as we have ample accommodations for the scholastic population of 328, less about 70 away from the reservation in nonreservation, public, and training schools. Missionaries.-In the main their work has been of benefit to the Indians. It is reported that altogether 355 Indians have been baptized and 263 are communicants. GEO. W. H. STOUCH, Lieutenant-Colonel, U. S. Army, Superintendent and Special Disbursing Agent. REPORT OF ASSISTANT SUPERINTENDENT OF ARAPAHO SCHOOL. DARLINGTON, OKLA., August 1, 1905. The entire enrollment for the year was 118-64 boys and 54 girls. In October three boys were transferred to Hampton Institute, Virginia. School opened on the first Monday in September and continued in session until the 31st of May, at which time the superintendent received an order from the Indian Office to furlough all the employees except four and send the children to their homes; therefore the school was in session only nine months. To carry on the farm work during the three months of vacation the boys were detailed, six in each detail, for the term of twenty-three days each, and thus far all have reported promptly on time and they have done their work cheerfully. With my thirteen years' experience in six different schools in the Indian school service, I must say that I have found no better workers than the Arapaho children. During the year twelve children were sent home by the agency physician on account of sickness, and two of those sent home died before the close of school. There were only three runaways during the school year. The work in the schoolrooms was excellent. There were three teachers last year, but at the end of the year one position was abolished, leaving two. The girls have been carefully trained in cooking, sewing, laundrying, and house work, as far as could be done in an Indian boarding school. The work on the farm this year has been very successful, promising good crops of corn, millet, and kaffir corn; the wheat making only a fair crop, the oats an average yield; two cuttings of alfalfa, and the third one soon will be ready. There are two gardens, one of about half an acre, worked by the girls-a great success, and a general garden of about 5 acres under the supervision of the farmer produced a great variety of vegetables. Gz0. W. MYERS, Assistant uuperintendent.
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