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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in North Dakota,   pp. 278-291 PDF (7.0 MB)


Page 290

290      REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. 
able self-support on their claims and allotments after their school days
are over. Last 
year's crops were partly destroyed by two hail storms, although a considerable
amount of 
vegetables was gathered from the garden. This year, if no unforeseen destructive
acci- 
dent comes between, the prospects are better; but almost continuous, copious
rains, 
which provide moisture in abundance, a rather exceptional occurrence in this
otherwise 
arid country, make it rather hard for the working force to contend successfully
with 
the weeds growing more rapidly than the crops. 
The different systems now in operation at the school, and the repairs necessary
and in 
constant demand in a plant of this size, give the boys also a chance to become
handy 
with tools under the mechanic in charge of the repair shop. 
Improvements.-The long-looked-for improvements, so often applied for and
recom- 
mended for a number of years, were made the past school year, and the builders
were on 
the place from September 1, 1904, to February 1, 1905. The plans and specifications
of 
the new additions and different systems and plants installed certainly reflect
the greatest 
credit on their originators and the Office, as they show their very best
will to introduce 
and establish everything according to the best improved modern methods and
conveniences. 
The warmest thanks of the school go out to the authorities in charge of the
planning and 
arranging these extensive improvements, which for all future will add so
much to the 
comfort and accommodation of employees and pupils. 
For the first time in its twenty-five years' existence the school can now
boast of an 
effective sewer system, which does away with many disagreeable features in
dormitories 
and other places and much extra hard work in kitchen and laundry. 
The old kerosene lamp had finally to give way to the modern acetylene plant,
which 
furnishes a splendid light. 
The water system is enlarged, but " Old Missouri," our inexhaustible
basin of supply, 
keeps a person in constant fear and suspense about what it may do from one
day to the 
other, by changing current over night or forming undesirable sand banks,
where we do 
not want them to be, or preparing some other unexpected disappointments,
thereby 
unmercifully undoing what has been done perhaps the day before. 
The new steam plant, gracefully and without a murmur, takes upon itself the
place and 
the burdensome work of the thirty to forty heating stoves distributed according
to 
want and merit throughout the buildings. 
The new bath tubs and ring baths, to nobody's regret, supersede the washtubs
and 
other bathing contrivances, including the Missouri River. The new lavatories
with their 
flowing water appliances encourage cleanliness even on the part of those
otherwise dif- 
ferently inclined. 
The new warehouse fills indeed a long-felt want, as the saying is, enabling
the school 
to keep the supplies more easily together and in better order and care, instead
of having 
them scattered in every nook and corner available all over the place, as
necessity required 
it to be done before. 
Although a second story had to go on two one-story buildings, one 50 and
the other 100 
feet long, the school and domestic work in all departments was regularly
kept up through- 
out the whole time of the contract work without any interruption. 
Supervisor A. 0. Wright, who was always a welcome visitor, and whose lately
reported 
death we sincerely regret, inspected the school in September. 
MARTIN KENEL, Superintendent. 
REPORT OF INSPECTOR OF DAY SCHOOLS, STANDING ROCK RESERVATION. 
FORT YATES, N. "DAK., August 22, 1905. 
The total enrollment of pupils during the year was 163; average attendance,
114. 
Following Is the total enrollment and average attendance of each school during
the 
year: 
Enroll- Attend- 
ment.    ance. 
Cannon Ball                         -----------.                        
54      36.11 
N o . 1   ...... ...... .... .... ........ ...... ...... .......... ....
.......... .... .... ... ..- I 21  18 .75 
No. 2  ..............................................................----
- - - - - - - - - - - -   28  17.00 
P o rcu p in e  .   ------------- ----------- ------------ ----------- -------...--
  -   - 28  19.83 
B u llh ead   -------------------------------------------------------------
------ --- .-  32  22.35 
At the beginning of the school year all pupils over 14 years of age were
transferred to 
the boarding schools. The per cent of average attendance is larger than that
of last 
year, but is still low, owing to the fact that a majority of the pupils are
from 5 to 10 
years of age, making it impossible for them to attend during the severe winter
weather, 
as many live from 2 to 3 miles from the school. 
Education.-An institute of the schools of Standing Rock Agency was held at
Fort 
Yates, N. Dak., on October 6, 7, and 8. One session of the institute was
held at No. 2 
day school, 3 miles north of the agency. Quoting from the institute report:
" The meet- 
ing at this school was one of the best of the institute, as it gave the members
an oppor- 
tunity of meeting in a social gathering and seeing the work in general as
done in day 
schools." 
A reading circle was established among the employees of the agency boarding
scjhool and 
the day schools, and besides reading the books recommended by the Department,
a number of 
books of first-class literature were purchased and circulated, each member
reading all the 
books by paying the price of one book, this book returning to him after being
read by all. 
"The industrial work during the past year has been very sucessful. With
one exception, 
the gardens are the best in the history of the schools, and all will produce
enough vege- 
tables for the noonday meal throughout the entire year. The success of the
gardens this 
year Is due to the care given by the teachers during the vacation months,
as all the 
teachers but one remained at the schools during July and August. Much better
results 
could be obtained from these gardens if the janitors at the day schools were
placed on an 


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