University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in New Mexico,   pp. 260-277 PDF (8.8 MB)


Page 261

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN NEW          MEXICO.       261 
but It is believed that it can be reclaimed and made fertile. Steps are being
taken to wash the western half of the farm to relieve it of the alkali. There
has been a difficulty in securing an outlet for the drainage, as a portion
of the 
proposed outlet crosses the western part of the city of Albuquerque. A propo-
sition has been made to the authorities to connect the drainage system with
the 
city sewerage, which is now under consideration and will probably be secured,
which will enable the school to carry out the project. The want of water
for 
irrigation has prevented farming and gardening to any considerable extent,
which can be remedied only by securing a pumping plant for the school. An
appropriation of $4,000 was included in the last Indian appropriation bill
for 
improving the water system at this school. If this fund can be used for the
installation of a pumping plant located on the farm, it will be ample for
furnish- 
ing a sufficient quantity of water for all domestic uses and for irrigating
the 
entire farm. 
There are about thirty buildings, all told, at the plant., Some of these
are in 
good condition; others are old and should be condemned. During the past year
an adobe blacksmith shop, 30 by 60 feet, with a good tin roof and cement
floor, 
was constructed. It has four excellent forges and is fairly well equipped
for 
instructing pupils in blacksmithing. There was also constructed an adobe
carpenter shop of the same size, with a coat of cement inside and out and
an 
excellent tin roof. This shop gives ample facilities for carrying on carpenter
work. During the year the barn has been remodeled and enlarged, the store-
rooms have been removed to new sites and remodeled, and a new cow barn, 
28 by 40 feet, with cement floor, has been built. The school warehouse has
been moved to a new site, a cold-storage building constructed and new fences
built around the barnyards and corrals. The old office building has been
moved to a new site to conform- to the rearrangement of the buildings of
the 
plant, and is now being fitted up for employees' mess hall and quarters.
A 
new laundry building is now under construction, which will be. completed
in 
September next. 
A new kitchen and mess hall for the pupils will be constructed during the
ensuing year, also a small boys' dormitory that will accommodate about 100
pupils. 
The water system.-Water for domestic purposes is obtained by means of a 
small steam pumping plant, but it is inadequate for irrigating extensively.
The lighting and heating system.-The school is lighted by electric current
furnished by the Albuquerque Gas, Electric Light and Power Company, at a
cost of $1,200 per annum. The school is heated by the ordinary coal and wood
stoves. Seven hundred tons of coal and 75 cords of wood will be required
for 
the year 1906. 
Pupils.-The total enrollment for the year was 357, and the average attend-
ance 340; of this number 325 were full-blood Indians and 32 mixed blood.
There were 219 Pueblo, 127 Navaho, 8 Apache, 1 Paiute, 1 Shawnee, and 
1 Wyandot. The greater part of the pupils were desirable, and little discon-
tent was manifested by them during the entire year. 
A very small number of runaways occurred; from October until the end of 
the school year but twelve deserted and nearly all of these were returned.
There were five deaths during the year, one resulting from pneumonia, one
from tuberculosis, one from influenza, one from typhoid fever, and one from
spinal meningitis. 
Literary work.-The progress made in the schoolroom has been good, not- 
withstanding that many of the pupils were fresh from the camps. An addi-
tional feature of the literary work has been the establishment of a printing
office. It is proposed to publish, monthly, a small school paper, also to
d. such 
miscellaneous printing as the school may require. The object of this under-
taking will be to teach Indian boys printing, not so'much for the sake of
making 
printers as for the benefits derived in the way of acquiring English, spelling,
punctuation, etc. 
The roadway.-A new roadway, 60 feet wide, extending from the southeast 
corner of the school grounds in an easterly direction to Fourth street, has
been 
secured. The land for the right of way was purchased and paid for by the
citizens of Albuquerque. The county commissioners have declared the road
open. 
Additional lands.-Contracts have been made for securing additional land 
on the south and on the east of the school grounds proper, which will permit
the extension of the lawns around the plant. 
Outing pupil..--During the year, at various times, there have been 66 male


Go up to Top of Page