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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Indian territory,   pp. 202-221 PDF (9.1 MB)


Page 204

204   REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. 
whose allotments are situated within the proven or developed field of opera-
tions, are being made the innocent subjects of sharp practice by unprincipled
men who are engaged in dealing in mining lands. Either through the misrep-
resentations of the purchasers or by reason of the ignorance of the Indians
the 
Indian lessor is induced to sell or dispose of royalties which accrue to
them. 
My attention has recently been brought to a case where an Indian woman, a
full- 
blood who can not speak English, has contracted to sell for $20 a month royal-
ties which amount to more than $600 per month. 
Educational.-Legislative action is necessary for this agency to ameliorate
existing conditions and provide better facilities for the educaton of white
chil- 
dren residing within the agency. Congress has in past years made liberal
though inadequate appropriation for the support of schools " in the
Indian Ter- 
ritory," so that white children in this Territory may have school privileges,
but strange as it may seem, the appropriations are not available for the
relief 
of the situation in this agency, which is wholly unprovided for. There are
a 
number of subscription or "district" schools established throughout
the 
agency supported by the community in which they are located. Some of these
are good schools and are in session from three to five months during the
year. 
Many Indian parents prefer to send their children to such day schools, paying
$1 per month per pupil, than to send them to this boarding school. 
Seneca Boarding School.-The enrollment for the past year was 182, the aver-
age ,attendance 128. The attendance during the past year was less than in
recent years. As there are 503 Indian children of school age in this agency,
it 
would seem that the capacity of the school should be taxed to the utmost
each 
year. Notwithstanding the decrease in attendance, the school has had a very
successful year, as those who were in attendance were regular and 'their
advancement was correspondingly greater. The health of the school has been
excellent, and the children have received good care and wholesome food. The
school plant is in good condition. Economy and convenience demand that the
steam laundry and the water system be operated from one engine and boiler
instead of from two, as is now the case. Special report and recommendations
will be made on this subject at an early date. The employees, both agency
and 
school, are efficient and faithful in the discharge of their duties. 
St. Marys Boarding School.-This school is located on the Quapaw Reserva-
tion and is conducted by the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, under con-
tract with the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, dated July 1, 1904, for the
edu- 
cation of ten children who are regularly enrolled and entitled by treaty
to rights 
in the Quapaw tribe of Indians. The expense thereof, $500, is paid from the
annual appropriation of $1,000 for education, per third article of the Quapaw
treaty of May 13, 1833. 
HORACE B. DURANT. 
Superintendent an dSpecial Disbursing Agent. 
REPORT OF AGENT FOR UNION AGENCY. 
MUSCOGEE, IND. T., July 15, 1905. 
As Mr. J. Blair Shoenfelt, my predecessor, closed his term of office with
the 
end of the fiscal year, this annudl report covers a period wholly within
his 
administration, and is therefore only intended to be a resum6 of the public
business dispatched during the year as shown by the records of this office.
To 
enable you to institute the comparison necessary to ascertain the direction
and 
character of the volume of work handled, there are given' in some statements
the corresponding figures for preceding years. 
The Union Agency is under the immediate supervision of the United States
Indian inspector for the Indian Territory, and all reports to and from your
Office pass through his hands for his indorsement and suggestions. 
The Indians whose affairs are to a greater or less degree managed by this
agency are the Five Civilized Tribes of the Indian Territory, viz, Choctaws,
Chickasaws, Creeks, Cherokees, and Seminoles. The members of these tribes,
including freedmen, number approximately 85,000. 
Matters of allotment and determination of citizenship questions have been
and are entirely in charge of the Commission (now Commissioner) to the Five
Civilized Tribes. 
The Indian agent is charged, among other things, with the duty of receiving
and disbursing, under your direction, large sums of Indian moneys, both tribal


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