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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Idaho,   pp. 196-202 PDF (3.3 MB)

Page 201

school for instruction. Father Cataldo has had long service among theso Indians
and has great influence. 
Liquor traffic.-This vice is most deplorable, and notwithstanding our every
endeavor to stamp out this positive infraction of the law the practice of
legging is increasing instead of decreasing. We have caused many arretts
secured a fair number of convictions, but until the status of the Indian
is fully 
determined and laws enacted to fit him we will be obliged to witness the
tinued increase in the villanous method of the boot legger. 
F. G. MATTOON, Superintendent. 
LEMHI AGENCY, IDAHO, July 14, 1905. 
This reservation embraces a tract 8 by 20 miles, extending from the Rocky
Mountains, which form the eastern boundary of Idaho, to the crest of the
mon River Mountains. The only arable portion is the narrow valley of the
Lemhi River, extending north and south across the reservation, about 4,000
acres of land. The remainder of the reservation is covered with hills and
mountains, about half of which is grazing land. The agency and school are
situated on the extreme southern boundary of the reservation, about 70 miles
from Red Rock, Mont., the nearest railroad point. There is a dally stage
Red Rock. 
The climate is very dry, the winters cold, but very little snow falls in
The population is as follows: 
Shoshoni2---------------       -        ----------288 
Sheepeater                 ----------------                97 
Total (males, 218; females, 248)---------------------466 
Over 18 years of age (males, 137; females, 162)-------------299 
Over 6 and under 18 (males, 60; females, 65)---------------125 
Children under 6-----------------------------------------45 
There have been no cases of drunkenness on this reservation this year and
but few minor offenses, all of which have been settled by the court of Indian
offenses. While considerable improvement has been made in recent years 
these Indians stand very low in the moral scale. 
Rations.-The ration lists have been revised and all able-bodied, men and
their families taken off. Money has been paid to those so removed from the
roll for labor performed at the rate of $1.25 per day. 
Incomes.-These Indians can not become self-supporting under present con-
ditions. Their income for the past year has been as follows: 
Labor on roads, ditches, etc --$1, 546. 00 
Transportation of supplies ------------------------   1,051. 32 
Products sold to the Government-                     1, 334. 00 
3,931. 32 
Value of products sold otherwise (estimated)-----------2, 000. 00 
Total           ----------------               5,931.32 
Farming and stock raising.-All crops require irrigation. There is an abun-
dance of water for all the land. The principal crops are hay and oats. The
farmers' reports for the year just ended show the following: 
Wheat---------------------------------------bushels--     235 
Oats-                 --------------              do- 6,900 
Potatoes----------------------------------------do- 4,540 
Hay-    --tons_                                           388 
Less than 3,000 acres of land are under cultivation. Recommendation has 
been made for an expenditure of $3,000 by which nearly 1,000 acres of valuable
land can be watered. With this addition to the farming area and an issue
of stock cattle and good stallions, which should be made, these Indians would
soon be self-supporting. They already have a large number of ponies, most
of, which are of little value. A few have purchased stock cattle and their
care of these demonstrates their ability in this line. 

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