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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in California,   pp. 180-195 PDF (7.8 MB)

Page 188

made to break them of the habit.' All pupils attended church and Sunday 
school, the latter conducted by employees and missionaries. The older pupils
also participated in Sunday evening song service. The aim was to guide the
pupils in the formation of such habits as would cause them to develop into
useful, respectable, and respected citizens. 
Many minor improvements and repairs were made by the regular force during
the year. Several roofs were reshingled and painted, porches made, new floors
laid, a lumber-drying house built, wainscoting done, etc. Some of the old
buildings used for many years by the military post are hardly worth repairing,
but it is necessary to use them until the construction of new buildings is
authorized. Constant watchfulness is required to keep the plant in even 
passable condition. 
Instruction in industrial work was given as much prominence as our facilities
would permit. Fruit raising, care of poultry and stock, cobbling, gardening,
(including irrigation), carpentry, blacksmithing, cooking, laundering, plain
fancy sewing and embroidery work, nursing, and general housekeeping were
taught, some of the pupils becoming quite proficient. In both the literary
industrial departments the aim was to make the instruction practical and
Classes in vocal music were conducted on regular evenings each week by the
teachers, and a few pupils showing special aptitude were taught organ playing.
A literary society under the supervision of the principal teacher did excellent
work, and their programmes were much enjoyed-by pupils and visitors. The
agency physician gave regular talks along physiological lines. The social
ings were a source of much enjoyment to the pupils. A plentiful supply of
literature was furnished to the reading room by friends of the school. Particu-
lar thanks are due to the Eureka dailies-the Times, Standard, and Herald-and
to the Blue Lake Advocate. The donations by friends of magazines and news-
papers, particularly illustrated ones, was much appreciated. 
Our school would make a much better impression upon inspecting officials
and other visitors if we did not transfer our advanced pupils so freely to
larger nonreservation schools. During the past four years 75 pupils have
sent away to Riverside, Phoenix, and other schools, and a party is now being
formed for Haskell and Carlisle by a former employee. Transfers to lhrger
schools are usually beneficial to the pupils, and while it cripples this
school to 
send away the best and most advanced, it is to their interest, and therefore
done cheerfully and as a matter of duty. 
There was an epidemic of whooping cough among the pupils last winter, and
one pupil died during the year. Aside from these cases, the health of the
was good. 
The water and sewerage systems should be enlarged and improved, as per 
plans already submitted to your office. We are fortunate in having an abundant
supply of pure mountain water, but the pressure at present is insufficient
adequate fire protection. 
The school should be provided with a small ice-making plant, as there is
natural ice available, and the weather in summer is so extremely hot that
particularly meat, spoils in a few hours. 
Wagon road.-Congress should be asked to appropriate $6,000 for the con- 
struction of o wagon road from Hoopa to the county road at Bair's ranch,
recommended in letters to your office and in my annual report for 1903. The
building of this road is a matter of great importance to the Indians of this
vation as well as to the Government. 
I have been greatly disappointed because certain much-needed buildings and
improvements have not been authorized here, but I know this was unavoidable
and hope that future conditions will allow favorable action. 
Superintendent and Special Disbursing Agent. 
PALA, CAL., August 15, 1905. 
The agency is located at Pala, San Diego County, Cal., 12 miles from 
Temecula, the nearest railroad point. The location is beautiful and the climate"
is beyond criticism. 
Buildings. The needs in the line of buildings mentioned in my last report
have nearly all been supplied. A neat porch has been built in front of the

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