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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in Arizona,   pp. 156-180 PDF (12.1 MB)

Page 178

As is naturally to be supposed, the work of the carpenter has been devoted
to meeting 
immediate necessities during the year. Four rooms of adobe, two on each end,
added to the girls' dormitory, and a porch was put on the eastern side of
that building; 
a bakery, of adobe, and a frame inclosed shed for laundry and ironing were
built; the 
shed used as a kitchen was inclosed and covered; the dining tent and the
two dormitory 
tents were put up on frames and floors put in; a frame building, 18 by 25,
and costing 
about $350, was erected for a sewing room. In addition to the above carpenter
some of the porches begun in 1904 were finished, and all roofs have been
Some inside work has been done in the way of painting individual rooms. The
two cot- 
tages, the dormitory, and schoolhouse are now in a fair state of repair.
The sewing 
room is new. 
The farm, covering about 8 acres, Is devoted to alfalfa and garden truck.
here went on about as usual, but, owing to the greater rainfall in the winter
and spring, 
the crops have been better. I have cut to date three crops of alfalfa, making
about 12 
tons from the 6 acres under cultivation. An asparagus bed has been set. The
crops of 
beets, onions, lettuce, string beans, and okra were particularly fine. Three
dozen apple, 
apricot, and peach trees have been set in the garden during the year. 
A constant effort has been made to beautify the school campus and to relieve
it of the 
barren nakedness of sand and waste which have hitherto, been its chief characteristic.
Ten little patches of Bermuda grass, making perhaps half an acre in all,
have been set 
here and there where there was waste water to be utilized. This has grown
finely and 
has demonstrated that the only requirements needed to beautify the school
site is a 
modicum of water, which costs at the rate of 21 cents per hundred gallons
for pumping, 
and a large amount of enthusiasm for the beautiful. Lillies, sweet peas,
and other flowers 
have been more of a success this year than last. Most of the young trees
planted last 
year have grown finely this spring and summer. 
The schoolroom work, like other departments, suffered during the year from
the sick- 
ness of teachers and pupils and from the shortness in the teaching force,
due in part to 
sickness, to employment in other departments, or to other necessary absence
from duty. 
The difficulties of the school year have been many. From the first of May,
1904, to the last 
of May, 1905, there was hardly a month all told when the school had its full
quota of regular 
employees on duty. At times it was practically impossible to hire substitutes
of any 
kind. The fire forced employees and children to work at greater disadvantages
usual, necessitated longer hours and with fewer utensils. In the fall there
was something 
of an epidemic of fever-among.employees and pupils, nearly all of the employees
being sick 
at one time or another. The excessive rains of the winter and spring made
tent life dis- 
agreeable and insanitary and delayed farm work. 
By order of the Indian Office the school was closed May 31 and the children
sent home. 
On June 6 the Office ordered changes to be made with the view of closing
the boarding 
school and opening a day school in its place. Considering the lack of sufficient
ings, the scarcity of necessary working appliances, and the possibility of
a dam for 
the Gila River near here and a resultant flooding-of the school and agency
sites, this action 
Is perhaps wise. It is certain that the school could not have gone on for
another year, in 
the face of the disadvantages which it has met in the last twelve months
and under which 
it is still laboring, in a way to reflect credit on the Indian Office or
give satisfaction to 
those immediately in charge. It will be wise, however, in fact it seems an
necessity, to establish on this reservation another boarding school to take
the place of the 
one to be discontinued. The Rice School is practically full and can accomodate
few of 
those now turned out of this school; few parents can be induced to send their
from the reservation to school; few live near enough to avail themselves
of the day 
school to be established here, and the result necessarily follows that a
large percentage of 
the children now dismissed from the San Carlos boarding school will have
no further 
school advantages, will be scattered, and will lose a large part of what
they have already 
gained. As matters stand, with this school closed there are some 300 Apache
children on 
the southern end of this reservation that have practically no school facilities.
The alter- 
natives are another bonded school like that at Rice, with a capacity of 200
or 250 children, 
or utter neglect of the larger part of the San Carlos Apaches, who are as
deserving as any 
and more in need of school facilities than most. 
*                                STEPHEtN B. WEEKS, ASuperntendent. 
TRUXTON, ARIZ., August 22, 1905. 
The school is located on the main, line of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa
Fe Railway, 5 miles east of Hackberry. A flag station-Tinnaka-is located
within a few hundred yards of the school. 
The soil is generally sandy, with some alkali and clay. A section (640 
acres) has been reserved for school purposes, but only a small part of it
be cultivated. Most of it is mountainous and rocky. With water it is fairly
productive. The climate is dry. The altitude is 4,500 feet; consequently
summer heat is not so great as at places a hundred miles west. The winters
are not severe. Temperature ranges from 14' to 1100 during the year. 
The school buildings are only four or five years old and are in good condition.
Sewer, lighting, and heating systems are all good. New pipe is needed in
main lines of the water system and will doubtless be put in in the near future.
The average attendance for the year was 128. Twenty-five pupils were Hava-
supai, the others Walapai. The children are docile, tractable, and slow men-
tally and physically. 
The work in the schoolrooms has been satisfactory. In some other depart-
ments not so. Lack of harmony among certain employees made the year a 

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