United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
Reports concerning Indians in Arizona, pp. 156-180 PDF (12.1 MB)
166 REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. Industrial work.-Industrial work received special attention. With due regard for the children's needs and limitations in their homes, we did away with all the washing machines, and all the laundry work and much of the sewing was done by hand. Barn.-A barn and feed room, 16 by 24 feet was partly completed when school was brought abruptly to a close May 30. So far this building has cost nothing. CHARLES W. HIGHAM, Principal Teacher. REPORT OF TEACHER, POLACCA DAY SCHOOL. School opened September 5, "1904, with C. W. Higham as teacher, with an enrollment of 53 pupils. October 1, 1904, W. H. Pfeifer took charge of the school. The total enrollment for the year was: Boys, 36; girls, 18; total, 54. Good work was done in the first four grades, as outlined by the Superintendent of Indian Schools, the course of study being followed as closely as practicable. Many articles were manufactured in the sewing room, and a great deal of instruction was given along industrial lines. W. H. PFEIFER, Teacher. REPORT OF FIELD MATRON ORAIBI. The work during the year has been much more efficient than that of the part of the pre- ceding year, following my appointment to the position. I attribute this largely to my better acquaintance, and because I was provided with a suitable house where the women and girls can come for instruction and counsel. The progress made in sewing has been particularly gratifying. The advance has been, not only in the actual sewing, but also in a growth of independence and a desire to do their own work. This end has only been gained by persistency on my part in refusing to do anything for them which they were capable of doing for themselves. The women are taking more and more interest in repairing their bedding, and often solicit my assistance. It seems almost wicked to patch or recover their filthy bedding, but they can not afford to throw away the worn quilts, and to carry water more than 2 miles, waiting, perhaps, for hours that sufficient water may run in, is more than can be expected of them. I hope the day may be hastened when a sufficient quantity of water may be developed that a wash house will be erected, where they can come to wash under my supervision. The Hopi are unable to purchase soap, as the price is beyond their slender means. One of the best things the Government can do for them is to furnish a large quantity of soap for issue.,P An unsolved problem is the feeding of poorly nourished and sickly children. A large percentage of the mortality among the Oraibi babies is on account of poor nutrition. The streets at Oraibi were in such condition that after every rain the water stood on the plazas for weeks and soon became very offensive. This spring the Hopi were induced to grade the streets so that these nuisances were abated. While the villiage is far below what it should be in point of cleanliness and sanitation, great advance has been made and I am far from discouraged. MILTONA M. KEITH, Field Matron. REPORT OF FIELD MATRON SECOND MESA. TOREVA, ARIZ., June 30, 1905. The following is a summary of my work since coming here, November 11, 1904: Number of men, women, and children who have had laundry work done, and have had baths here, 976; visits made, 1,393; garments made, 299; women instructed in care of house, 100; women instructed in cleanliness, 136; women instructed in cooking, 65; women instructed in sewing, 82; times village was cleaned, 40; religious services held, 139; miles traveled, 500. There has been great improvement ina the appearance of the houses, but there is room for much more. There is no way of showing them how to cook, except if they happen to be here while I am cooking. Then I take pains to show them just how I do everything. I have no thread or sewing material now, but when any of them can get calico they bring it to me to make and I give them all the assistance needed. The middle-aged and younger women earn something by making baskets, but the older people have no way of earning money and they need clothing badly-especially the old men. Until June 1 I kept the laundry open three days each week, but since then I have had neither soap nor fuel. We have plenty of water from our new spring and the women are willing to come. I believe when they get into the habit of keeping their persons, clothing, houses, and surroundings clean it will have great influence in helping them to clean up morally. To sum it all up, their greatest needs are soap and fuel for the laundry, brooms, coarse and fine combs, etc. MARY E. KELLY, Field Matron. REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF NAVAHO AGENCY. FORT DEFIANCE, ARIZ., August 5, 1905. The agency is located at Fort Defiance, Ariz., 30 miles northwest of Gallup, N. Mex., which is our railroad and telegraphic station and which is connected with the agency by telephone line. This agency comprises the south half of the Navaho Reservation, and something like 12,000 Indians belong to same.
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