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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in Arizona,   pp. 156-180 PDF (12.1 MB)

Page 166

Industrial work.-Industrial work received special attention. With due regard
for the 
children's needs and limitations in their homes, we did away with all the
machines, and all the laundry work and much of the sewing was done by hand.
Barn.-A barn and feed room, 16 by 24 feet was partly completed when school
brought abruptly to a close May 30. So far this building has cost nothing.
CHARLES W. HIGHAM, Principal Teacher. 
School opened September 5, "1904, with C. W. Higham as teacher, with
an enrollment 
of 53 pupils. October 1, 1904, W. H. Pfeifer took charge of the school. 
The total enrollment for the year was: Boys, 36; girls, 18; total, 54. 
Good work was done in the first four grades, as outlined by the Superintendent
Indian Schools, the course of study being followed as closely as practicable.
Many articles were manufactured in the sewing room, and a great deal of instruction
was given along industrial lines. 
W. H. PFEIFER, Teacher. 
The work during the year has been much more efficient than that of the part
of the pre- 
ceding year, following my appointment to the position. I attribute this largely
to my 
better acquaintance, and because I was provided with a suitable house where
the women 
and girls can come for instruction and counsel. 
The progress made in sewing has been particularly gratifying. The advance
has been, 
not only in the actual sewing, but also in a growth of independence and a
desire to do 
their own work. This end has only been gained by persistency on my part in
refusing to 
do anything for them which they were capable of doing for themselves. 
The women are taking more and more interest in repairing their bedding, and
solicit my assistance. It seems almost wicked to patch or recover their filthy
but they can not afford to throw away the worn quilts, and to carry water
more than 2 
miles, waiting, perhaps, for hours that sufficient water may run in, is more
than can be 
expected of them. I hope the day may be hastened when a sufficient quantity
of water 
may be developed that a wash house will be erected, where they can come to
wash under 
my supervision. The Hopi are unable to purchase soap, as the price is beyond
slender means. One of the best things the Government can do for them is to
furnish a 
large quantity of soap for issue.,P 
An unsolved problem is the feeding of poorly nourished and sickly children.
A large 
percentage of the mortality among the Oraibi babies is on account of poor
The streets at Oraibi were in such condition that after every rain the water
stood on the 
plazas for weeks and soon became very offensive. This spring the Hopi were
induced to 
grade the streets so that these nuisances were abated. While the villiage
is far below 
what it should be in point of cleanliness and sanitation, great advance has
been made and 
I am far from discouraged. 
MILTONA M. KEITH, Field Matron. 
TOREVA, ARIZ., June 30, 1905. 
The following is a summary of my work since coming here, November 11, 1904:
Number of men, women, and children who have had laundry work done, and have
baths here, 976; visits made, 1,393; garments made, 299; women instructed
in care of 
house, 100; women instructed in cleanliness, 136; women instructed in cooking,
women instructed in sewing, 82; times village was cleaned, 40; religious
services held, 
139; miles traveled, 500. 
There has been great improvement ina the appearance of the houses, but there
is room 
for much more. There is no way of showing them how to cook, except if they
happen to 
be here while I am cooking. Then I take pains to show them just how I do
I have no thread or sewing material now, but when any of them can get calico
they bring 
it to me to make and I give them all the assistance needed. 
The middle-aged and younger women earn something by making baskets, but the
people have no way of earning money and they need clothing badly-especially
the old 
Until June 1 I kept the laundry open three days each week, but since then
I have had 
neither soap nor fuel. We have plenty of water from our new spring and the
women are 
willing to come. I believe when they get into the habit of keeping their
persons, clothing, 
houses, and surroundings clean it will have great influence in helping them
to clean up 
morally. To sum it all up, their greatest needs are soap and fuel for the
laundry, brooms, 
coarse and fine combs, etc. 
MARY E. KELLY, Field Matron. 
FORT DEFIANCE, ARIZ., August 5, 1905. 
The agency is located at Fort Defiance, Ariz., 30 miles northwest of Gallup,
N. Mex., which is our railroad and telegraphic station and which is connected
with the agency by telephone line. This agency comprises the south half of
Navaho Reservation, and something like 12,000 Indians belong to same. 

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