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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Arizona,   pp. 156-180 PDF (12.1 MB)


Page 164

164     REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. 
The population of the Havasupal Indians, according to the census roll of
June 
30, 1905, is 174, divided as follows: 
Males------------------------------------------------------103 
Females                  --71 
Males over 18 years of age                                    57 
Females over 14 years of age-                                 43 
Children between 6 and 16-                                    56 
The Havasupai Indians have a system of farming in a measure peculiar to this
canyon, and while much can be done to lead them away from their slovenly
methods of farming, I find that two or three hundred years of experience
with 
wind and flood has taught them Inany things the white man has to learn as
well, 
even though he is obliged to learn them from an Indian. For example, there
is not a 15-year-old schoolboy in the village, if one were to undertake to
build 
and anchor any sort of water-wheel contrivance in Cataract Creek, but 
what would say, "crazy, no good," and yet agents, coming into the
canyon 
for a few hours, grasp the whole situation so entirely that turbine wheels
and 
electrical plants, are recommended with the utmost confidence as to their
practicability. Either contrivance would have-been floating about in the
gulf 
of California more than once during the last twelve months. 
The health of these Indians has been good the past year. The decrease in
population of about 37 in the last fifteen months is almost wholly due to
the 
above-mentioned scourge of measles. A few very old Indians also have died.
There have been but few births. 
The morals of the Havasupai Indians, I think, will compare favorably with
any tribe in the United States, or for that matter with most white communities.
Not a drop of liquor, so far as we know, has been drank on the reservation.
Not a complaint of theft, and only one or two frivolous broils or fights.
They 
pay their debts with scrupulous exactness. We lay their excellent habits
to 
their seclusion and remoteness from the influences of the white man. I am
told 
'they have no " cuss" words in the Havasupai language. The Havasupal
have 
always been self-supporting. 
ALBERT W. FLOREN, Superintendent. 
REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF MOQUI. 
KEAMS CANYON, ARiz., June 30, 1905. 
This agency is located 85 miles northwest of Holbrook, Ariz., from which
point all supplies are hauled by Indian freighters. 
Moqui training school.-The attendance for the year averaged 168. The plant
is new and in good condition, with the exception of the water pipes, which,
owing to the nature of the soil, rust out very rapidly. A cottage for the
super- 
intendent is in process of construction. 
Needs.-A cottage for the physician, and a modern hospital building are 
among our most urgent needs. 
Literary and industrial work.-The literary and industrial work have been
good during the year and much has been accomplished. The ground covered 
has been practically the first six years' work as outlined in the course
of study 
for Indian schools. 
Employees.-The employees have been diligent and faithful and compare 
favorably with any group of employees in the service. 
Reservation needs.-New roofs are needed oin the stables at the day schools
and at Oraibi a better means of water supply should be provided. 
We need better roads between the different schools and between Keams Canyon
and our railroad point. It is almost impossible to improve the road to Hol-
brook, and we have but one remedy-to make Winslow the railroad point for
the 
reservation. 
Navaho sehool.-There should be a school established for the Navaho some-
where on the northern part of the reservation, the capacity of the Moqui
school 
not being sufficient for both Hopi and Navaho. 
Progress. -Progress has necessarily been slow as these Indians are loath
to 
part from old tribal customs. They are fairly good laborers and many of them
are very willing to work. 


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