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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1904, Part II
([1904])

Report of the Indian inspector for the Indian territory,   pp. 199-484 PDF (119.8 MB)


Page 201

REPORT 
OF THE 
INDIAN INSPECTOR FOR INDIAN TERRITORY. 
MUSKOGEE, IND. T., October 12, 1904. 
SI: Complying with instructions I have the honor to submit the 
sixth annual report of the United States Indian inspector for Indian 
Territory for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1904. The authority for 
the detail of a resident inspector in the Indian Territory is found in 
section 27 of the act of June 28, 1898 (30 Siat., 495), which reads: 
That the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to locate one Indian inspector
in the Indian Territory, who may, under his authority and direction, perform
any duties required of the Secretary of the Interior by law, relating to
affairs 
therein. 
In connection herewith, and to which attention is invited, are the 
annual reports of the United States Indian agent in charge of the 
Union Agency, the superintendent and supervisors of schools, the min- 
ing trustees of the Choctaw and Chicasaw nations, and the supervis- 
ing engineer of town sites. 
INTRODUCTORY. 
Conditions generally in the Indian Territory have been so fully set 
forth in previous reports, and its status now so well defined in the 
public mind, that more than passing reference to the same 'is not 
deemed necessary. It is sufficient to say that the Indian Territory 
contains an area of more than 19,000,000 acres, and the Indian popu- 
lation is officially known as the Five Civilized Tribes. These, with 
the intermarried whites and descendants of negro slaves, known as 
freedmen, who have certain rights as citizens of their respective tribes,
number about 87,000, a small per cent of whom are full bloods (and 
among them a blanket Indian is unknown), while the white popula- 
tion, according to the census of 1900, was over 300,000, which has at 
least doubled since that time. 
The inffux of population has been and. is remarkable. Everywhere 
towns are springing up, those already established rapidly growing, 
some so substantially as to be dignified by the name of cities, Musko- 
gee claiming a population at this time of from 10,000 to 12,000. 
The resources of the Territory are unnumbered and diversified, its 
principal agricultural products at this time being hay, wheat, corn, 
201 


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