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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1904, Part II
([1904])

Report of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes,   pp. 1-198 ff. PDF (110.1 MB)


Page 7

COMMISSION TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES. 
contests may be instituted at any time within nine months after the 
selection of an allotment, and they confer jurisdiction upon the Com- 
mission to determine such contests. It is apparent that lands selected 
after the expiration of the first quarter of the year ending June 30, 
1905, will be subject to contest after the date fixed for the abolish- 
ment of the Commission, which, nevertheless, is at present the tribu- 
nal before which such litigation must be instituted. Allotments of 
land made to so-called Mississippi Choctaws may not be perfected 
under the law until the allottee shall make proof of continuous resi- 
dence upon his allotment for a period of three years. 
It is necessary, of course, that provision be made for attention to 
these details. Provision should be made, also, to dispose of the unal- 
lotted lands in the Seminole Nation, as well as in the Cherokee Nation, 
if any remain undisposed of after all the allotments have been made. 
Early legislation to these ends, and conferring authority elsewhere 
than on the Commission for their attainment, is desirable in the inter- 
est of the people of Indian Territory. 
ENROLLMENT OF CITIZENS. 
No original applications for enrollment were received by the Com- 
mission during the past year, save in the Creek Nation, the citizen- 
ship rolls of the other tribes having been finally closed by the 
respective agreements. This branch of the work has, therefore, con- 
sisted mainly in the disposition of pending applications and the 
preparation of schedules, or partial rolls, containing the names of 
persons found to be entitled to enrollment. 
In the Seminole Nation the work of enrollment has.long been com- 
pleted. The following table indicates the general condition of en- 
rollment work in the other four tribes: 
Tribes.                 Appli-  Enrolled. Denied Undeter- 
cants.                  mined. 
Creek -------------------------------------------------i 16,948  i15,359
 547  1,042 
Cherokee  --------------------------------------- 46, 418  35,450  i1,568
 9,400 
Choctaw  and Chicksaw  --------------------------------  60,619  33,220 
2i,832  5,567 
Total ----------- -------- .23. 985           83,9     23,947  i6,009 
It will be observed that nearly 90 per cent of the work of enroll- 
ment in these four tribes has been finished. But its prosecution has 
not been free from difficulty. The progress made and the chief 
obstacles which have prevented its completion during the past year 
may be summarized as follows, each nation being considered sep- 
arately: 
CHOCTAWS AND CHICKASAWS. 
The time within which original applications for enrollment as 
citizens and freedmen of the Choctaw and Chickasaw nations, and 
for identification as Mississippi Choctaws, might be made to the Com- 
mission, expired before the beginning of the past fiscal year. The 
agreement with the Choctaws and Chickasaws, approved by Congress 
July 1, 1902, and ratified by the citizens of the respective tribes Sep-
tember 25, 1902 (Appendix No. 1, p. 96), afforded the legislation 
necessary for the preparation of the final rolls of citizens and freed- 


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