University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1904, Part I
([1904])

Reports concerning Indians in Kansas,   pp. 212-216 PDF (2.4 MB)


Page 213

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN            KANSAS.          213 
the children's land with houses and other necessities of a home. Very little
opposi- 
tion to Government leasing has been met with on this reservation, and what
little 
did develop was created by disgruntled lessees who had been in the habit
of leasing 
the Indians' land at a nominal figure, and in many instances defrauding them
of the 
little which they had promised them in the so-called State leases. A nuinber
of the 
Indians in this tribe have cultivated their allotments, or a part of them,
this year for 
the first time in several years. 
The Sauk and Fox of the Missouri Reservation. -This small reservation, of
about 
80 Indians, has shown by far the most progressive results of the three tribes
under 
this supervision. It has been recommended that they be allowed to draw their
head money, and also that full citizenship be granted them upon making application,
with proper recommendation, for the same. 
Leasing.-A greater per cent of the farms on this reservation are cultivated
by the 
Indians. Those incompetent to farm have leased, through the Government, with
very few exceptions. The remainder of this tribe are certainly as competent
now as 
they will ever be to assume full prerogative of citizenship and should be
allowed to 
do so at an early date. There are a few of the older Indians who will still
need the 
protecting care of the Government. 
Inherited land. -Over $16,000 worth of inherited land on this reservation
has been 
sold during the year and the money mainly wisely invested. 
Iowa Reservation. -These Indians have long been restless under the restraint
imposed 
upon them by the Government wardship. The great preponderance of white blood
among these Indians is one of their remarkable features. They have very largely
refused to make Government leases on this reservation, and the State lease
or indi- 
vidual leasing by the Indians is the rule. 
Drunkenness. -Licentiousness on this reservation has been curbed to some
extent 
during the past year, but much remains to be done before the reservation
can be 
viewed with any pride. These Indians are as competent now as they ever will
be to 
attendto their own affairs. It is felt that they should also be given full
citizenship. 
Some of them can accept it creditably, and many of them should learn the
lesson 
that necessity alone will teach. With a very few exceptions among a very
few of the 
old Indians, members of this tribe should no longer demand any attention
or care of 
the Government. 
Kickapoo training school.-This school is located on the Kickapoo Reservation,
7 
miles west of Horton, Kans. The buildings consist of one large dormitory,
with 
a capacity for 70 pupils, in good repair; one employees' cottage, nearly
new; one 
office building, recently erected, and several minor buildings, in fair condition.
The 
dormitory is heated by the hot-water system and lighted by gas. The water
for the 
school use is pumped over one-half mile from a spring in the pasture. The
pump is 
run by windmill during the windy season and a gasoline engine at other times.
The 
hot-water system in the dormitory was not placed until after the building
was com- 
pleted, and an excavation had to be made in the basement for the boiler,
and the 
boiler was not placed upon a solid foundation. It has been gradually settling,
and 
the pipes to the rooms above have in settling wrecked the building to some
extent. 
This will be overcome during the present year by placing the boiler upon
a firm 
foundation. Great need for additional room for employees will be sufficiently
met 
by building a superintendent's cottage, for which funds have been appropriated
for 
the ensuing year. 
School work. -Schoolroom work during the year has been very satisfactory,
the 
teachers having acquitted themselves well in the literary work of the school.
Health.-During the year 104 pupils were enrolled, but the provision for the
increased attendance was not deemed slifficient, and the enrollment was reduced
to 
70, the capacity of the school. During the latter part of the winter quite
a number 
of cases of pneumonia developed, 11 being confined to bed at one time, but
by 
careful nursing and close medical attention no deaths resulted. The latter
part of 
May and June epidemics of measles and diphtheria both broke out in the school
at 
the same time. A strict quarantine was placed and observed. The diphtheria
did 
not spread, but the measles went through the school, over 30 being sick at
one time. 
Two pupils who developed incipient consumption were sent home, and both died
later, one after a period of five months and the other three months, at home.
School farm.-Thirty-five acres of oats were sown, but owing to continued
rain just 
as they were ripening, which beat them to the ground, not a grain was saved.
Seventy-five acres of corn were planted and well tended by the school force
and will 
produce over a thousand bashels, which will be ample for the needs of the
school. 
Over 20 tons of hay have been harvested. A large garden was planted and tended
by 
the school children under the direction of the teachers and will yield ample
returns, 
excepting the potato crop, which was drowned by excessive rains, The boys
of the 
-     i 


Go up to Top of Page