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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1904, Part I
([1904])

Reports concerning Indians in Arizona,   pp. 131-155 PDF (12.5 MB)


Page 137

REPORTS CONCERNING        INDIANS IN    ARIZONA.          137 
extended, ornamental trees and shrubbery planted; planted 1,000 additional
grape- 
vines and 1,000 strawberry plants; cleared and stumped about 10 acres of
land for 
future use; moved school barn (size 40 by 40 feet) to suitable location proper
dis- 
tance from the main buildings; moved adode wagon shed (size 20 by 60 feet)
to site 
near new location of barn. The foregoing, in addition to the regular mechanical
work of the institution, has been nearly all performed by the regular employees
and 
the larger boys. 
Buildings.-A new brick school building with class rooms and an assembly hall,
also a new brick building containing a dining room, kitchen, and bakery are
now in 
process of construction and will be ready for occupancy by October next.
These 
buildings will fill a long-felt need and enable the school to do better work
in the 
future. An appropriation for a new hospital is now available and this building,
which 
is also badly needed, will probably be erected soon. 
The new dormitory erected in 1903 for the use of the girls is still used
by the boys 
for the reason that the capacity of the boys' building is not nearly sufficient
to accom- 
modate the boys; it is even badly crowded by the girls, and there are about
65 more 
boys in attendance than girls. The girls should have the use of the building
intended 
for them, and a dormitory for boys, with a capacity of about 65, should be
erected so 
that the new building and the one now in use by the girls would properly
accommo- 
date the boys of the school. Both sexes would then be comfortably quartered.
The need of this dormitory and other miscellaneous improvements will be made
the 
subjects of separate communications. 
Health.-During the early part of the year there were a number of cases of
diph- 
theria. The disease proved fatal in the case of a little white boy at the
school, but 
fortunately, it did not spread far and seemed to be of a mild type in the
cases of the 
Indian children. In the camps the whooping cough caused the death of manyIndian
children and it with some other complications resulted in the death of some
of the 
pupils. These Indians do not seem to have much power to resist disease and
their 
superstitious beliefs are so strong that when they are informed by the medicine
men 
that their time to die has come they give up all hope and rapidly decline.
There is 
no doubt but that these Indians are rapidly decreasing in number from year
to year. 
Missionaries. -The first missionary effort deserving of mention was made
during 
the past year. Rev. A. C. Edgar, Presbyterian missionary, Needles, Cal.,
held relig- 
ious services at the school nearly every Sunday evening during the year and
has aided 
the Indian missionaries at Needles, who have become converts to the Christian
faith 
through the work of the Church of the Nazarene. As the young people of the
school 
go out they will strengthen these missionary efforts, and the outgoing pupils
will in 
turn be strengthened by these good people and their laudable work for the
Christian- 
izing of the Mohaves. 
Music-.Grace R. Pilcher deserves creditable mention for her untiring effort
in 
playing the piano for general exercises, special entertainments, etc., throughout
the 
year. Some of the older members of the band, assisted from time to time by
Albert 
J. Eller, of Mohave City, Ariz., have enabled the band to do very good woik
during 
the year, which has been a source of pleasure and gratification to the entire
school 
population. 
Irrigation.-The Rio Colorado Land and Irrigation Company was granted authority
by the Department to construct and operate a canal across the Fort Mohave
Indian 
School Reservation. This canal is now being used to a limited extent, but
requires 
considerable improvement before it will be available for extensive use. The
condi- 
tions upon which the canal company have been granted a right of way across
the 
reservation are very favorable to the school, and if the canal proves to
be a success 
considerable school land can be brought under irrigation under this system.
Census.-During the month of June a fairly accurate census, in point of numbers,
was taken by this office of the Indians in this vicinity and about Needles,
Cal., 
.reaching as far south as and including the Chemehuevi Valley. A good deal
of work 
will be necessary in classifying this information and in getting additional
facts, as 
everything is now in a very crude condition and there are no previous records
for 
reference. The following figures are approximately correct: 
Aduits.       Minors. 
[                  Total. 
Male.  Female. Male. Female. _ 
Mohaves at Fort Mohave .............................  53  49  48  28 
Mohaves near Needles, Cal ----------------------221  n 229  150  114  89
chemehuevi near Fort Mohave ......................27  2    17    16 
chemehuevi in Chemehuevi Valley and in mining                           214
camps------------------------------------------------ 43I 50[  17  21 


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