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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1903, Part II
([1903])

Report of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes,   pp. 1-190 ff. PDF (101.5 MB)


Page 9

COMMISSION TO THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES. 
The task of recording the testimony offered in support of each indi- 
vidual application, weighing the evidence submitted pro and con, and 
passing judgment thereon, is nearly finished. 
The method of procedure in the reception of applications, the prep- 
aration of decisions, and the clerical work incident to the enrollment 
of members of the several tribes having been fully set forth in the 
Commission's previous reports, it is deemed necessary to show here 
only the actual progress of the work. 
CHOCTAWS AND CHICKASAWS. 
At the beginning of the year ended June 30, 1903, concurrently with 
the approval by Congress of the supplemental agreement with the 
Choctaws and Chickasaws (Appendix No. 1, p. 102), the Commission 
entered upon the completion of the enrollment of the citizens and 
freedmen of the Choctaw and Chickasaw nations and the identification 
of Mississippi Choctaws. By the consummation of this agreement the 
chief obstacles in the way of the completion of the Choctaw and 
Chickasaw citizenship rolls were removed, and the advancement toward 
that end has been rapid and definite, Indeed, with the exception of a 
few Mississippi Choctaw cases and that class of persons awarded citi- 
zenship by judgments of the United States courts in Indian Territory, 
under the act of Congress approved June 10, 1896 (Appendix No. 1, 
p. 60), and whose rights are, by the provisions of the supplemental 
agreement, to be readjudicated by the citizenship court created for 
that purpose, enrollment work in the Choctaw and Chickasaw nations 
is practically finished. 
Upon the approval by Congress, onJuly 1, 1902,6f the supplemental 
agreement with the Choctaws and Chickasaws, anticipating its ratifica- 
tion by the Choctaw and Chickasaw nations, steps were taken looking 
toward the preparation of the final rolls of the citizens and, freedmen 
of these two tribes and their submission to the Secretary of the Inte- 
rior for approval. By the provisions of the agreement the reception 
of applications for enrollment as citizens and freedmen of the Choctaw 
and Chickasaw nations by the Commission was terminated on December 
24, 1902, while the time within which applications for identification as
Mississippi Choctaws might be received was limited to March 25,1903. 
As early as possible after its ratification by the citizens of the Choctaw
and Chickasaw nations, which took place on September 25, 1902, an 
enrollment party was put in the field, consisting of a force sufficient to
hear the applications of all persons whose names appeared upon the 
Choctaw and Chickasaw tribal rolls and whose final status was still 
undetermined, such persons as had married recognized and enrolled 
citizens of the Choctaw and Chickasaw nations in accordance with the 
tribal laws and customs, on or before the date of the ratification of the
agreement, and to receive applications for the enrollment of children 
born to recognized and enrolled citizens of the respective tribes on or 
before September 25, 1902. This field party was also 'charged with 
the task of obtaining such information as would enable the Cominis- 
sion to determine the status, on the date of the final ratification of the
Choctaw-Chickasaw supplemental agreement (September 25, 1902), of 
applicants previously listed for enrollment-especially those whose 
claims were based upon intermarriage. 
The different appointments of the party were fully advertised, notices 
thereof being mailed to all post-offices in the two nations, while each 


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