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Information bulletin
(January 1952)

McCloy, John J.
Germany's future,   pp. 7-9 PDF (1.8 MB)

Page 7

Germany's Future
US High Commissioner for Germany
L AM DEEPLY MOVED by the honor you show me in in-
viting me to speak before the state legislature of
Wuerttemberg-Baden. Naturally, I realize that I receive
this honor by reason of my being the chief representa-
tive of the government of the United States in Germany.
Nevertheless, I am most happy that I should be the
personal recipient of it. Your invitation is an act of
courtesy and of friendship which I warmly appreciate.
The city of Stuttgart has always been particularly
close to Americans in the postwar period because it was
from this community that some of the most significant
German-American efforts to help rebuild this country
politically and economically were initiated. I associate
your Minister-President Maier* with the names of Colonel
Dawson, General Clay, Professor Pollock, Mr. Sewall,
Mr. LaFolette, General Gross** and many other Germans
and Americans here who together created one of the
main piers of the new German state.
I have visited this beautiful state of Wuerttemberg-
Baden several times, and each time I am impressed by
the signs of reconstruction that are evident everywhere.
I do not mean only the new buildings going up but also
the way people look and the way they are dressed. There
is a forward-looking spirit here. And I think if you could
see yourselves as outsiders see you, you would realize
that this community is a stimulating example of one of
the greatest achievements in reconstruction that has
taken place anywhere in the postwar world.
IT IS ALSO WORTHY of note that the energy and co-
operativeness of the people of Wuerttemberg-Baden
have not been limited to the solution of their own in-
ternal problems. I need only mention the fine response
to the appeal for voluntary aid for the victims of the
Italian flood disaster, the help extended by women's
groups in this state to less fortunate Germans- in the
* Dr. Reinhold Maier, appointed minister-president by the US Mili-
tary Government in 1945 and continued in office following the German
state-wide elections in 1946.
** Col. William W. Dawson, first director of the Office of Military
Government of Wuerttemberg-Baden and later director of the Regional
Governmental Coordinating Office, US counterpart to the "Laenderrat,"
council of the ministers-president of the four states of the US Zone.
Hle died in Stuttgart December 1946.
General Lucius D. Clay, assistant US military governor 1945-47 and
US military governor for Germany 1947-49.
James Pollock, a professor at the University of Michigan, was
director of the Regional Governmental Coordinating Office 1946-47.
Sumner Sewall, former governor of Maine, was director of OMG
Wuerttemberg-Baden 1946-47.
Charles A. LaFolette, former US congressman from Indiana, was
director of the OMG Wuerttemberg-Baden 1947-48.
Maj. Gen. Charles P. Gross was director of OMG Wuerttemberg-
Baden in 1949 and since October 1949 has been state commissioner for
Soviet Zone - and an act which strikes a particularly
warm response with my countrymen - the Christmas
invitations extended by so many German families to
the American soldiers who find themselves stationed
among you.
May I also express my pleasure at the recent settle-
ment of the restitution problem with the JRSO*. This
was a matter close to our hearts, and it is hoped that
the fine spirit which motivated your action will carry
this program to a successful conclusion.
In casting about for ideas to discuss with you today,
I came to the conclusion that it was easier to decide
what I should not say to you than what I should say.
I promptly concluded I would not talk about the South-
west State** or the liquidation of the Occupation Statute,
Potsdam, Yalta, the Oder-Neisse line, or even Frederick
the Great and Barbarossa. I hope I have enlightened
opinions on all these subjects, but, with your permission,
I will not deliver them today.
What I do want to talk with you about is the deep
significance of the development of a European communi-
ty and the future of Germany within that community.
To my mind nothing is so vital as this. I have the
conviction that once this development takes place, most
of the issues that agitate us today will solve themselves,
for they will then certainly fall into perspectives which
will permit their more rational solution.
The decisions that the parliamentarians and govern-
ments of the Federal Republic and the other free Euro-
pean states are now being called upon to make are pro-
foundly important. I dislike cliches, but I earnestly be-
lieve that the decisions to be made in the next six
months will be crucial for the future of Europe and for
the future relations of my country to Europe.
* "Jewish Restitution Successor Organization," see Information
Bulletin, No. 144, Sept. 21, 1948.
** New German state being formed by merger of current states of
Wuerttemberg-Baden, Wuerttemberg-Hohenzollern and South Baden.
At the invitation of the state -government of
Wuerttemberg-Baden, High Commissioner John J.
McCloy and Mrs. McCloy paid an official visit to
Stuttgart, the state capital, on Dec. 17. After a formal
introduction to state officials and other German
leaders, Mr. McCloy delivered the accompanying
address at a plenary meeting of the state legislature,
marking the first time the US High Commissioner
officially addressed a German parliament. Mr. McCloy
spoke in German.

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