McCloy, John J.
Germany's future, pp. 7-9 PDF (1.8 MB)
Germany's Future Address By JOHN J. McCLOY US High Commissioner for Germany L AM DEEPLY MOVED by the honor you show me in in- viting me to speak before the state legislature of Wuerttemberg-Baden. Naturally, I realize that I receive this honor by reason of my being the chief representa- tive of the government of the United States in Germany. Nevertheless, I am most happy that I should be the personal recipient of it. Your invitation is an act of courtesy and of friendship which I warmly appreciate. The city of Stuttgart has always been particularly close to Americans in the postwar period because it was from this community that some of the most significant German-American efforts to help rebuild this country politically and economically were initiated. I associate your Minister-President Maier* with the names of Colonel Dawson, General Clay, Professor Pollock, Mr. Sewall, Mr. LaFolette, General Gross** and many other Germans and Americans here who together created one of the main piers of the new German state. I have visited this beautiful state of Wuerttemberg- Baden several times, and each time I am impressed by the signs of reconstruction that are evident everywhere. I do not mean only the new buildings going up but also the way people look and the way they are dressed. There is a forward-looking spirit here. And I think if you could see yourselves as outsiders see you, you would realize that this community is a stimulating example of one of the greatest achievements in reconstruction that has taken place anywhere in the postwar world. IT IS ALSO WORTHY of note that the energy and co- operativeness of the people of Wuerttemberg-Baden have not been limited to the solution of their own in- ternal problems. I need only mention the fine response to the appeal for voluntary aid for the victims of the Italian flood disaster, the help extended by women's groups in this state to less fortunate Germans- in the * Dr. Reinhold Maier, appointed minister-president by the US Mili- tary Government in 1945 and continued in office following the German state-wide elections in 1946. ** Col. William W. Dawson, first director of the Office of Military Government of Wuerttemberg-Baden and later director of the Regional Governmental Coordinating Office, US counterpart to the "Laenderrat," council of the ministers-president of the four states of the US Zone. Hle died in Stuttgart December 1946. General Lucius D. Clay, assistant US military governor 1945-47 and US military governor for Germany 1947-49. James Pollock, a professor at the University of Michigan, was director of the Regional Governmental Coordinating Office 1946-47. Sumner Sewall, former governor of Maine, was director of OMG Wuerttemberg-Baden 1946-47. Charles A. LaFolette, former US congressman from Indiana, was director of the OMG Wuerttemberg-Baden 1947-48. Maj. Gen. Charles P. Gross was director of OMG Wuerttemberg- Baden in 1949 and since October 1949 has been state commissioner for Wuerttemberg-Baden. Soviet Zone - and an act which strikes a particularly warm response with my countrymen - the Christmas invitations extended by so many German families to the American soldiers who find themselves stationed among you. May I also express my pleasure at the recent settle- ment of the restitution problem with the JRSO*. This was a matter close to our hearts, and it is hoped that the fine spirit which motivated your action will carry this program to a successful conclusion. In casting about for ideas to discuss with you today, I came to the conclusion that it was easier to decide what I should not say to you than what I should say. I promptly concluded I would not talk about the South- west State** or the liquidation of the Occupation Statute, Potsdam, Yalta, the Oder-Neisse line, or even Frederick the Great and Barbarossa. I hope I have enlightened opinions on all these subjects, but, with your permission, I will not deliver them today. What I do want to talk with you about is the deep significance of the development of a European communi- ty and the future of Germany within that community. To my mind nothing is so vital as this. I have the conviction that once this development takes place, most of the issues that agitate us today will solve themselves, for they will then certainly fall into perspectives which will permit their more rational solution. The decisions that the parliamentarians and govern- ments of the Federal Republic and the other free Euro- pean states are now being called upon to make are pro- foundly important. I dislike cliches, but I earnestly be- lieve that the decisions to be made in the next six months will be crucial for the future of Europe and for the future relations of my country to Europe. * "Jewish Restitution Successor Organization," see Information Bulletin, No. 144, Sept. 21, 1948. ** New German state being formed by merger of current states of Wuerttemberg-Baden, Wuerttemberg-Hohenzollern and South Baden. INFORMATION BULLETIN At the invitation of the state -government of Wuerttemberg-Baden, High Commissioner John J. McCloy and Mrs. McCloy paid an official visit to Stuttgart, the state capital, on Dec. 17. After a formal introduction to state officials and other German leaders, Mr. McCloy delivered the accompanying address at a plenary meeting of the state legislature, marking the first time the US High Commissioner officially addressed a German parliament. Mr. McCloy spoke in German. JANUARY 1 952 7
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