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Information bulletin
(January 1952)

Buttenwieser, Benjamin J.
Progress in Germany,   pp. 19-22 PDF (2.4 MB)


Page 19


Progress in Germany
Address
By BENJAMIN J. BUTTENWIESER
Retired Assistant US High Commissioner for Policy
xI AY I AT THE VERY OUTSET indicate to you the
deep gratification I feel at the privilege of address-
ing this distinguished and influential group on a subject
of such world significance as "Germany Today." Permit
me also to indulge in a personal observation. In being
invited to speak before this body with which I have had
so many pleasant and valued associations and in which
my father played so long and active a role, I can but
muse with the poet:
"The aisles of memory are crowded,
One chokes at the gates of utterance."
Similarly must I be cautious to cull from my countless
recent and vivid impressions of Germany only the most
significant and endeavor to recount them to you today.
Obviously, no discussion oI Germany's present situation
would be properly oriented without some consideration
of her development since the end of the war - a war
which, in loss of life, physical destruction, deep rooted
political disruption, psychological disturbance and eco-
nomic and financial icost, is unmatched in the annals of
history.
Quite apart from the cause of, or
diabolic happenings during this world
holocaust - matters which are not
directly within the purview of this
afternoon's discussion -suffice it to
say that in all these aspects Germany
suffered as much as any other
country. Consequently, on May 8,-
1945, her road back along the high-
ways of physical reconstruction, eco-
nomric and financial recovery, human
rehabilitation, moral and morale re-
building and political reaccept nce
seemed the longest, the most hazardous
and the most difficult to traverse.
FJ HOUGH THE CHANCES of much
progress along those lines seemed
gloomy then - as well they might
have - it must be said to the credit
of Germany that she has achieved
much in meeting the welher of dif-
ficulties that beset her at the war's
end. However resolute, industrious
and devoted were the German people
to the accomplishment of the heavy
tasks that lay before them, it is utterly
unrealistic for anyone - German or
non-German - to think that her pres-
guilt for, all the
ent status in all its facets could have been attained
without the vast, sympathetic help of varied type and
farthest reaching import, extended to Germany by her
former foes, in measure and with understanding never
before witnessed or even contemplated since the begin-
ning of time.
Just a few statistics can very cogently present an over-
all picture of this almost unbelievable aid and the con-
tribution it made toward Germany's material recovery.
Subsequently, we can focus our attention on the even
more important question of her moral recovery. From
May 8, 1945, to Sept. 30, 1951, the American people,
through our government, our charitable organizations or
by direct philantrophy, have made available to the Ger-
man people upward of $4,200,000,000 in cash or in kind.
It will never be possible adequately to appraise the
beneficial effect of this magnanimous aid. No one can
deny and most Germans readily concede that save for
this huge scale largesse, beginning immediately after the
cessation of hostilities, Germans would have literally
starved. Nor could Germany have recovered industrially,
agriculturally, economically, financially or sociologically
Bibliography of Addresses
This article is the text of an address delivered by Mr. Buttenwieser
before the Chamber of Commerce of the State of New York Dec. 6, upon
his return to the United States after resigning his HICOG post. Mr. But-
tenwieser was appointed assistant US high commissioner on Oct. 5, 1949.
All major addresses, delivered by
Mr. Buttenwieser during his tenure as
assistant US high commissioner for
policy, have been published in the
Information Bulletin. A bibliography of
these addresses with the issue of publi-
cation follows:
American Policy in Germany, address
before the annual spring conference
of the American Schools teachers in
Berchtesgaden, Issue of May 1950.
The Reorientation of Germany, text of
address prepared for delivery before
the Anti-Defamation League of the
B'nai B'rith in Chicago, Issue of June
1950.
Germany Today-Economically and Fi-
nancially, address befo e the Invest-
ment Bankers' Association of America
at White Sulphur Springs, W.Va.,
Issue of July 1950.
A Five Year Inventory, address at US
Information Center in Heilbronn,
Wuerttemberg-Baden, Issue of August
1950.
Finding Dollar Markets, address at
opening ceremonies of Export Week
in Munich, Issue of November 1950.
Singers with a Message, speech at
second annual singing contest spon-
sored by EUCOM's German Youth
Activities, Issue of May 1951.
Women's Role Today, address at an-
nual convention of German-American
Clubs in Heidelberg, Issue of July
1951.
Today's Coal Situation, statement re-
viewing current conditions, Issue of
September 1951.
Partnership in Sacrifice, address at
opening of Frankfurt fall fair, Issue
of October 1951.
Guarding Human Rights Today, address
at conference of Human Rights in
Limburg, Hesse, Issue of November
1951.
Mr. Buttenwieser also assisted the
Information Bulletin by contributing
important information and reviewing
manuscripts dealing with HICOG policy
and progress in Germany.
INFORMATION BULLETIN
JANUARY 1952
19


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