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Information bulletin
(September 1950)

Declaration of rights of displaced persons,   p. 10 PDF (542.9 KB)


Page 10


Declaration of Rights of Displaced Persons
THE GERMAN FEDERAL government has declared its
intention to guarantee the rights of displaced persons
and refugees formerly cared for by the International
Refugee Organization in the federal territory and of its
readiness to become a party to any convention on the
international status of displaced persons which may be
agreed by the General Assembly of the United Nations.
The declaration was prepared in connection with sub-
mission to the legislature of a draft federal law defining
the status of displaced persons and refugees. The declara-
tion was made public Aug. 9.
On Feb. 9, the Allied High Commission had informed
the federal government of the approaching curtailment
of the responsibilities of the International Refugee Organi-
zation in western Germany, and notified the federal
government that all displaced persons and refugees in
western Germany who had been the concern of the IRO
and who were not in the process of resettlement would be-
come the financial and administrative responsibility of the
federal government with effect from July 1.
The Allied High Commission requested the federal
government to undertake the enactment of suitable legis-
lation defining the precise legal, political, social and
economic status to be accorded to these displaced per-
sons and refugees. On July 1, the federal government
assumed responsibility for the care and maintenance of
some 100,000 displaced persons and refugees who proba-
bly will remain in western Germany after the cessation of
the work-of resettlement by the IRO.
The declaration emphasizes the federal government's
willingness to co-operate fully with United Nations'
agencies on all matters concerning displaced persons and
refugees and stresses its wish to make a contribution
toward the international solution of this problem. The
declaration goes on to express the federal government's
intention to guarantee every facility for displaced per-
sons and refugees to be integrated into the German com-
munity, noting, however, the rights of individuals to
return to their homeland or to emigrate if they so wish.
DISPLACED PERSONS and refugees will enjoy the
D   basic rights provided for in Articles I to 19 of the
Basic Law of the Federal Republic and will be treated
in accordance with the principles and the spirit of the
United Nations declaration concerning human rights and
other international conventions relating to the humane
treatment of refugees.
The statement by the federal government on the occa-
sion of submission to the legislature of a draft bill on
the legal status of displaced persons in the federal ter-
ritory follows:
On the occasion of the transfer to German responsibility
of refugees and displaced persons not in the process of
resettlement and for whom the IRO have, until now, pro-
vided care and maintenance, the government of the
Federal Republic of Germany considers it appropriate to
clarify its position with regard to these displaced persons.
INFORMATION BULLETIN
The federal government has noted with satisfaction the
preparatory work of the ad hoc committee established
by the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations
to study the problem of refugees and displaced persons
and declares that it agrees with the spirit of the draft
convention and protocol drawn up by this committee.
In an endeavor to co-operate with the appropriate
agencies of the United Nations in all matters affecting
refugees and displaced persons, and wishing to make a
contribution toward the international solution of the
problem of refugees and displaced persons, and in view
of the special urgency of solving this problem, the gov-
ernment of the Federal Republic of Germany wishes to
make the following declaration even at this early stage.
Article 1 - The displaced persons for whom the fed-
eral government has assumed responsibility will have
every facility to be integrated into the population of the
Federal Republic. They may be expelled only for reasons
of public safety and order and after having exhausted
all rights of appeal. They will not be extradited, expelled,
deported or sent back to a country where their life or
liberty is in danger on account of race, descent, origin,
creed, religious or political convictions. However, if they
so desire, the right to return to their homeland or to
emigrate may not be denied them.
Article 2 - The displaced persons for whom the Fed-
eral Republic has assumed responsibility shall enjoy the
basic rights pursuant to Articles 1 to 19 of the Basic Law
of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Article 3 - The displaced persons for whom the Federal
Republic has assumed responsibility shall be treated in
every other respect in accordance with the principles
and the spirit of the statement of the United Nations
concerning human rights, the convention concerning the
international status of refugees of Oct. 28, 1933, and the
draft convention and protocol drawn up by the ad hoc
committee of the UN Economic and Social Council.
In order to implement the principles set forth in the
above articles the federal government will submit to the
legislative bodies a draft law concerning the legal status
of displaced persons in the federal territory.
The federal government declares at this time its readi-
ness in principle to become a party to an international
convention on the legal status of the displaced persons
prepared by the United Nations, and to fulfill the obli-
gations arising from such convention.       +END
Big Hanau DP Camp Returned
The Hanau displaced persons camp, one of the largest
compounds in Hesse, has been turned back to the Ger-
man economy. The camp formerly accommodated ap-
proximately 5,400 displaced persons. The return of the
Hanau compound leaves only two camps for displaced
persons in Hesse, the Butzbach Resettlement Center and
the Babenhausen Repatriation Camp. These two camps
house, at present, less than 2,000 displaced persons.
SEPTEMBER 1950
10


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