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Information bulletin
No. 145 (October 5, 1948)

Editorial opinions in German press,   pp. 11-13 PDF (1.7 MB)

Page 11

Events in Berlin-mass demon-
strations, the city hall siege by the
Communists, and the shootings, but
especially the treatment accorded to
Allied liaison officers and newspaper-
men-created a deep impression in
the  US-licensed  press.  Editorials
expressed indignation about Russian
aggressiveness and so-called Western
The Rhein Neckar Zeltung (Heidel-
berg) said the Western powers were
burying their heads in the sand and
playing a passive, ostrich-like role in
"The burden of the fight for freedom
is being carried by the Berlin popu-
lation practically alone. The moral
support by the Western powers may
be significant but it has at present no
practical effect, as the events of last
Monday (Sept. 7) show. An American
liaison officer and members of the
western Allies were treated no dif-
ferently from the Germans by the
4ts and the Markgraf (Paul Mark-
Soviet-recognized chief) police.
is bad. There is simply no trace
Ly help for the population and
sentatives of the West sectors
st SED (Communist-dominated
1 Unity Party) organs which
Ie emphatic support by the
et occupation power...
* spite of political realities which
to contradict it, freedom Is more
a word. As it can be won only
gh action, it will fall if it is
.d only by words."
is Kapfinger said in the Pas-
Neue Presse:
ae attack on the (Berlin) city hall
the demonstrations before the
strat building are links in a chain
ig at violent overthrow. The
0ion can be compared to the
s preceding the assumption of
r by Hitler on Jan. 30, 1933.
, too, SA men demonstrated and
id the hand of the Reich presi-
The Berlin population, of
se, knows and feels quite well
Is at stake. It is its liberty and
the question whether it will be de-
finitely absorbed into the circle of
eastern satellites. This psychological
background explains the demonstra-
tions of the West sectors at Bran-
denburg Gate. A feverishly-excited
crowd does not think, but acts in-
stinctively. The natural consequence
is a worsening of the Berlin situation
which affects the relations between
the big powers themselves."
Der Neue Tag (Weiden) said:
"The reports which come from the
former capital of the Reich are so
incredible that one feels oneself
transported to the Shanghai of old-
fashioned mystery novels. Kidnapings,
violent occupations of the city hall by
eastern sector police, fights of various
police groups against each other ... all
this characterizes the SED terror which
quite obviously aims at driving the
city into a chaos that appears to the
East a desirable political solution."
The Fuldaer Volkszeltung said that
"there is only one topic of discussion
left in Germany: Berlin," but warns
Germans against taking sides in the
"Only Eastern intervention can save
socialism (in Germany) from being
overwhelmed by western capitalism'
some Germans say. 'Only intervention
by the West can preserve (German)
freedom from being drowned in the
red waves,' say the others... The
result of this logic was very clearly
illustrated by recent e4nts in the
Berlin city hall, when German police-
men under Soviet orders chased their
colleagues from the West sectors,
drove them together, fettered them
like criminals..
The Schwaebische Post (Aalen) sug-
gested that Communist terror in Ber-
lin may eventually lead to reprisals
in the West zones:
"The followers of Markgraf and
Pieck (Wilhelm Pleck, co-chairman of
SED) endeavor to emulate their
brownshirted predecessors under Goe-
ring and Himmler... Uniformed Ger-
mans beat up other Germans, terror-
ists storm parliamentary buildings...
Opponents are deprived of civil as
well as human rights... We seem to
have experienced all this before...
"The proverbial forbearance of the
Berliner may one day cease-and
perhaps Communists in western Ger-
many, who are for the present still
beneficiaries of democratic rules of
fair play, may be made to feel that
they are persona non grata."
The Weser Kurler (Eremen) said the
SED in Berlin has about reached the
end of its rope:
"When the SED called on the Ber-
lin population to register in the
eastern sector in order to receive
food rations supplied by the Soviet
occupation powers, only 21,000 out of
2,200,000 responded, although the SED
received 180,000 votes in the 1946 fall
elections... This betokens the moral
and factual collapse of the SED in
Berlin...  The   cruel  starvation
blockade, which was meant to Impose
the triumph of SED upon the intran-
sigent Berliners, sealed its collapse ...
The western zone Communist Party
will be lucky if it is not plunged into
the chasm of disintegration."
Journalists' US Visit
The Fuldaer Volkszeltung published
an article on the trip to the United
States of 15 German journalists who
were invited by Columbia University
at the suggestion of Gen. Eisenhower,
president of the University. The
article, by Heinridc Kierzek, described
BER 5, 1948
Berlin Events Arouse Wide Comment
This section is devoted to
translations prepared by the
Scrutiny Board for the Informa-
tion Services Division, OMGUS,
of editorials and reports in the
german press. The publishing of
these translations is intended to
inform the readers among the
occupational forces of what the
Germans are writing and think-
ing, and not necessarily to give
any concurrence to their views
and opinions.

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