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Information bulletin
No. 133 (April 20, 1948)

Political terrorism in Berlin,   pp. 17-19 PDF (1.7 MB)

Page 17

of Regulation Governing Social Insur-
Like the Council of States, the
Bizonal Economic Council derives
its powers from the US/UK Military
Governments rather than by a con-
stitutional grant from the people.
Ordinances passed by the Economic
Council must therefore have the prior
approval of the joint MilitaryGovern-
ments before they can become legally
effective. Ordinances so approved are
promulgated by the Council in its
own gazette and are legally binding
upon the population of the two zones.
The total number of ordinances
adopted by the Council to date has
been small-22 in all. While this figure
is disappointing, it must be remember-
ed that the Economic Council did not
become a "going concern" until July
or August, 1947.
NE OF the Economic Council's first
V pieces of basic legislation provid-
ed for the transfer of functions and
powers formerly held by the old exe-
cutive joint committees, under the
previous bizonal organization, to the
new Bizonal Executive Committee and
the executive directors established by
the new bizonal organization.
Most of the subsequent ordinances
which have been adopted have con-
cerned themselves with the solution
of particularly pressing economic
problems, as, for example, the ordi-
nances to help effect the control of
farm deliveries through the public
posting of delivery quotas, to insure
the meat and potato supply for the
current economic year, to take emer-
gency measures in the field of
electric power and long-distance gas
Ordinances enacted by the Economic
Council are transmitted to the Bi-
partite Control Office which prepares
comments for use by the Bipartite
Board when it takes the ordinances
under consideration. Implementing re-
gulations issued by an agency of the
Economic Council are acted upon by
the Bipartite Control Office without
reference to the Bipartite Board.
Import of Foodstuffs
Bizonal Area imports of foodstuffs
for January totaled 308,741 metric
Charging that certain political mi-
norities were employing political ter-
rorism, Col. Frank L. Howley, director
of the Office of Military Government,
US Sector of Berlin, said Military Gov-
ernment was ready at any time to
take steps to assure the democratic
rights of the Berlin people.
He said a small political group was
again attempting to lead the German
people to destruction, using the same
police state measures the Germans
recognized during the Hitler period.
Advising Berliners to differentiate
between right and wrong, he said the
political situation was extremely
serious. For several weeks, measures
of force have been used against the
free and democratic parties in the
Soviet Sector, including such extremes
as economic reprisals against in-
dividuals, he declared.
Terroristic political discrimination,
obvious distortion of facts and in-
timidation used by this group, he
continued, are a confession of its
The Colonel said he was convinced
that the major part of the Berlin
population saw through the unscrupu-
lous intentions and aims of this group
and would judge and act accordingly.
Differentiating between political
terrorism in the Soviet Sector and the
searches of several US Sector offices
of the Socialist Unity party, Howley
said the latter were legally justified
and did not violate the freedom of
political parties granted by the Allied
Because Control Council Directive
No. 40 had been violated by publica-
tion of the Communist booklet,
"Gangsters at Work," he said, the US
investigators wanted to photograph
the booklet and certain other docu-
ments for further investigation.
The investigations had already
proved a definite campaign by the
SED and its associated organizations
against US Military Government, and
the United States population, he said.
(ICD news of Germany)
US Buyer Places Order in His Former Firm I
An American businessman returned
recently to the camera firm he found-
ed 27 years ago in Wiesbaden, and
placed an export order with it for
$ 185,000 worth of candid-type cameras.
Henry Wirgin, of New York City,
founded what is now called the Adox
Camera Company in 1921 under the
firm name of Wirgin Brothers. In 1938
he was forced by the Nazis to leave
Germany, and in 1941, after spending
three years in Poland, Switzerland,
and Cuba, went to New York city
where he started a camera specialty
company. During World War II he
manufactured optics for US Army
bomb sights.
Upon his return to Hesse, Mr. Wir-
gin contacted the Hesse Branch of the
Joint Export/Import Agency for the
purpose of purchasing candid-type
cameras for sale in the United States.
By a coincidence his old firm, operat-
ing under a Hesse custodian appointed
by the OMGH Property Control Di-
vision, was able to fulfill his needs.
Mr. Wirgin said he has already filed
a claim with the Internal Restitutions
Branch of Property Control for the
recovery of the plant.
Henry Wirgin (left) signs an order
for $185,000 with the   Wiesbaden
camera firm which he founded in 1921.
Looking on is Julian A. Hillman,
Hesse branch chief of JEIA.
(photo credit)
Political Terrorism in Berlin
APRIL 20, 194tl

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