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Information bulletin
No. 132 (April 6, 1948)

Educational projects helped,   p. 10 PDF (653.0 KB)


Page 10

Perhaps you cannot even leave your
home to work in your local youth
center. Maybe your contribution would
be a weekly batch of cookies or a
cake.
Your contribution might also be the
contacting of stateside organizations
that would adopt a community, a
school, or a youth center with an
interchange of letters and food par-
cels. Another very small thing you
could do, but which is a very im-
portant event in the lives of the par-
ticipants, would be to invite small
groups of children into your home to
see how democracy works in everyday
life.
To assist Germany's youth to find
the right way of life, the US Army
has engaged in a gigantic program
unique in its history. The program is
known as the Army Assistance Pro-
gram to GYA.
One of its primary aims is -to en-
courage, assist, and coordinate spon-
taneous volunteer activity. This Army
Assistance Program can do an efficient
and thorough job only with women as
volunteer workers, who, believing
wholeheartedly in the necessity of
the mission, give of their time and
resources.
Farm Schools Opened
The number of agricultural schools
and testing stations in operation in
the US Zone for 1947-48 showed a
marked increase over that of 1946-47.
A total of 153 winter schools re-
opened, an increase of 30 percent
over the previous year. The number
of special and secondary schools in
operation had increased 15 percent
and miscellaneous and research test-
ing stations 20 percent. Most of the
agricultural schools reported record
enrollments,
Railroad Repairs Speeded
Through an arrangement by the
Manpower and Transportation Divi-
sion of US Military Government, the
Office of Military Government, Ba-
varia, and the German agencies in
Bavaria, 100 workers are allocated
monthly to a large privately operated
railroad repair plant in Munich, to
speed repairs to rolling-stock.
New Funds for Germans
|  Six Educational Projects Aided
More than RM 2,000,000 have been
allocated by OMGUS for the imple-
mentation of six major German educa-
tional projects originated by the
Education  and  Religious  Affairs
Branch. The funds are part of the
large accumulation of Reichsmark re-
sulting from the sale of overt publica-
tions through the Information Control
Division, OMGUS. The allotment is
for the first quarter of 1948.
The first project is to provide per-
sonnel and materials for curriculum
and textbook writing centers which
have been established throughout the
US Zone. Dollar funds previously
were used to furnish textbooks, audio
visual aids, reference books and other
materials. The new funds will be used
to hire German personnel for these
centers, and to buy materials from the
German economy.
The second project concerns the
publication of educational bulletins
and periodicals for the practical guid-
ance of German educators. The largest
single project will consist of grants-
in-aid for selected educational activ-
ities and institutions. Specific examples
are the reorganization and reconstruc-
tion of German libraries, the promo-
tion of statistical and testing survey
units to study the German educational
system; foundations for educational
research, and planning units for school
outfitting and reconstruction.
Another project is one to provide
scholarships and fellowships for pro-
mising young students and educators
who otherwise would be unable to
complete their education. The can-
didates for continued education will
be selected by German boards es-
tablished for this special purpose.
The educational film program is the
most comprehensive of the six pro-
jects. The Reorientation Branch of the
Civil Affairs Division, Department of
the Army, in Washington spent almost
$1,000,000 to provide Military Govern-
ment with five hundred 16-mm sound
film projectors and 100 sound films, in
addition to the film stock necessary
to reproduce these films in German.
Each Kreis in the US Zone will have
at least one projector for use in a plan
under which schools will see the films
during the day, youth groups during
the early evening, and adults at night.
Newsreels also will be produced at
frequent intervals for use in this
program.
The sixth project is the plan to
employ consultants and technical
assistants at OMGUS and in the Lacn.
der education offices for the purpose
of advising and assisting MG offices
in the educational program. These
consultants will be trained German
educators with practical experience.
Food Hoarders Hit
Food black marketeers and food
hoarders were condemned as two of
the main causes of Germany's present
food ration difficulties by Paul F. Tag-
gart, chief of the Food and Agriculture
Branch, OMG Wuerttemberg-Baden, in
an OMGWB radio broadcast to the
German people.
The black market in food "could
not exist to its present extent if it
were not for the fact that many people
are willing to alleviate their own
hardships at the expense of other
people," Mr. Taggart said. "The black
marketeers will not suffer. Many
honest people will."
In commenting on the general food
ration situation, Mr. Taggart point.d
out that the United States and Great
Britain are exceeding "their self-im-
posed pledge on food imports" into
Germany. This imported food, "when
added to what the Germans themselves
grew, should not only have allowed
a minimum ration to be met but should
have resulted in an increase of the
ration," he said.
Most Favored Films
On the basis of attendance and the
general reaction by German audiences,
the most favored American plays
shown thus far in Germany are "The
First Legion," "Three Men on a
Horse," "The Voice of the Turtle,"
"Pursuit of Happiness," "Biography,"
"The Skin of Our Teeth," "Our
Town," and "Thunder Rock."
INFORMATION BULLETIN
APRIL 6, 1948
10


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