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Information bulletin
No. 131 (March 23, 1948)

Cities of the US zone (first of two parts),   pp. 16-20 PDF (3.2 MB)

Page 16

GERMANY CANNOT be known or
understood unless Berlin and
Munich, Frankfurt and Hamburg, Bonn
and Leipzig are known and understood.
The history of Germany is the historv
of her cities.
The story of these cities goes back
to EuroDe's earliest written records.
The Romans battled the early bar-
baric German tribes and fought their
way across the Rhine to set up an
occupation army and to build a line
of defense across Germany from the
Rhine near Coblenz to the Danube
near Regensburg. This first attempt to
civilize and occupy Germany lasted
almost 200 years, and failed.
The new Church fared better. Some
of the German states were christian-
ized under Clovis, Frankish. king, in
the 5th century. In the 8th century,
King Charlemagne, known in Germany
as Karl der Grosse, brought Italy,
France and Germany within one bound-
ary to form a new western empire.
That empire was divided and sub-
divided among his descendants until
Germany-or "the Germanics" as it
was known-was made up of a group
of many feudal sovereignties. Each
separated from the others by deep-
seated differences, each ruled by its
own Germanic prince, these sover-
eignties quarreled constantly among
themselves and threatened to split the
Some German cities, like Bamberg
on the Regnitz River, had started
centuries earlier as river camp towns
and the home of simple fishermen.
Others got their start as headquarters
towns of early feudal princes. About
the 8th century the cities began to
move eastward, taking along the bish-
ops and lords who ruled them; and
by the 10th and 11th centuries new
sizable communities, such as Wuerz-
burg, had developed around the cas-
tles of these potentates. These com-
in the confini
ng walls, ea(
with a main street that led through
central market place.
Merchants settled in the areas ar
new markets were established, as i
Frankfurt. Then towns began to sprix
up along heavily - traveled trac
routes, as did Nuremberg. In the 121
and 13th centuries the Hanseatic po
towns of the north became masters i
the sea. Germany's cities had becon
an important and powerful force i
German and European history.
A FTER THE 14th century, few net
towns were established. Exce]
tions were mining settlements and
few resident towns, such as Karlsruh
Mannheim and Ludwigsburg, lal
down in open land by order of
reigning prince.
In the 16th century Martin Luthe
began the great revolt against tl
Brandenburg Gate, Berlin, as It appeared before the war.
MARCH 23, 1948
Cities of the US Zone was
adapted from an article which
appeared in the Troop I & E
Bulletin, a weekly published by
the US Army's Troop Education
and Information Service. Because
of Its length, the article has been
divided into two parts. The sec-
ond part will be published in
issue No. 132 of the Information
Bulletin dated April 6.
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