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Germany (Territory under Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Civil Administration Division. / Population changes, 1947 : U.S. Zone Germany
(1948)

Section V: internal migration,   pp. 25-32 PDF (3.6 MB)


Page 25


POPULATION CHANGES 1947
SICTION V
Internal Migration
Unrest in Germany, the result of war migration and compulsory refu-
gee influx, is reflected not only in tremendous migration over zonal boundaries
as described in the preceding chapters. but also in internal migration within
the zone, the volume of which is far above normal. As migration statistics
are
still lacking, it is impossible to show the number of internal migrants,
but
the existance and direction of this migration can be inferred from other
sources.
A. Mir-ration Between Stadt and Landkreise
Increase rates calculated separately by Stadt and Landkreise show that
in 1947, within the U.S. Zone,population of Landkreise increased by only
1.53
percent, while the population of Stadtkreise increased by 4.20 percent. The
in-
crease in the thirteen major cities was even higher at the rate of 4.65 percnt.i/
TABLE XVII
INCREASI OF
POPULATION OF THE U.S. ZONE BY STADT AND LAWREISIO
January 1947-January 1948
Area                  5 January          4 January            Increase
1947               194&          Number     Percent
Stadtkreise            4,876,867          5,081.680        204,813      4.20
13 Major Cities    (3,511,882)         (3,675,035)     (163,153)     4.65
Other Cities       (1,364,985)         (1,406,645)      (41,660)     3.05
Landkreise            12,123,672          12,309,109       185,437      1.53
Grand Total        17,000,539         17,390,789        390,250      2.30
* U.S. Zone. including Land Bremen
&/Totals of this table differ slightly from totals of Table I as figures
in this
table are not interpolated as of 1 January, and figures of Hesse by Kreise
can-
not be corrected in the same manner as in Table I.
The rate of excess of births over deaths was at least as high in
the Landkreise as in the Stadtkreise, probably higher, since the birth rate
of rural districts normally exceeds that of urban districts. There is no
reason to assume that in the Stadtkreise the proportion of prisoners of war,
returned, was higher than in the Landkreise. Furthermore, it is probable
that a greater part of the interzonal immigrants went to the rural districts
instead of to the cities. Therefore, the fact that in 1947 the population
of
the Stadtkreise increased nearly three times as fast as the population of
the
Landkreise must be regarded as indicative of a strong internal migration
from
the Landkreise to the Stadtkreise or from the rural districts, the villages
and
small cities, to the urban districts and the major cities.iI    One of the
most
/ A table showing population figures and increase rates of major cities and
cities -with a population ranging from 50,000 to 100,000 appears in Appendix
"D". Appendix "3" presents increase by individual Kreise.
/ While there are no statistics to indicate the size of this internal migration,
on the basis of the assumption that the increase rate of both Stadt and Land-
kroise is the same, i.e., that of the total 2.3 percent, the net balance
of
migration from Landkreise to Stadtkreise was about 100,000 in favor of the
Stadtkreise.
25
May 1948


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