Germany (territory Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Civil Administration Division. / Denazification, cumulative review. Report, 1 April 1947-30 April 1948.
Commander in chief of Soviet occupation forces in Germany, Order No. 201, rules for the application of Directives No. 24 and No. 38 of the Control Council on Denazification, 16 August 1947, pp. 156-157 PDF (975.6 KB)
DENAZIFICATION ANEX Q TRANSLATION From the "Taegliche Rundschau," Soviet Occupation Organ, 17 August 1947 ORDER Issued by the Supreme Commander of the Soviet Military Administration Commander-in-Chief of Soviet Occupation Forces in Germany No. 201 Rules for the Application of Directives No. 24 and No. 38 of the Control Council on D e n a z i f i c a t i o n Beginning at the. moment of the unconditional surrender of Germany much has been done in the Soviet occupation zone for the cleaning .of public authorities, government and important private enterprises of former active fascists, militarists and war crim- inals, and for the replacement of these persons by men who are able to assist in the democratic reconstruction of Germany in the interest of the German people. By means of the Land reform landed property of junkers, fascists and war criminals was transferred to the hands of farmers. Credit and banking institutions as well as private enterprises of former active fascists and mi]itarists became property of the peo -Thus, in the Soviet occupation zone, the fundaments of fascism, militarism and reaction have been greatly shaken. Under these circumstances it is absolutely necessary, corresponding to the de- cisions of the fourth meeting of the foreign ministers in Moscow, to make a difference between former active fascists, militarists, and persons who are really guilty of war crimes and crimes of a different nature ecnmitted by the Nazis onT one han,, an nomiinal, non-active fascists who are able to break with the fascists ideology and to- ther with the democratic classes of the German people participate in the general efforts at the reconstruction of a peaceful, democratic Germany on the other. A general legal prosecution of all former nominal, non-active members of the Nazi Party would only badly affect the cause of Germany's democratic reconstruction and contribute to the fortification of the position of the remainder of fascist and military reaction. On account of Article 5, part 1, of Directive No. 38 of the Control Council and the wishes of the antifascist democratic parties, which represent the public of the Soviet zone, I decree the following order: 1) Former members of the Nazi party who did not commit cri1mes against peace and the security of other nations, or by means o crimes -violated the German people them- selves,, will not only be granted the active right to vote, but also the passive one. Ordinances, regulations and instructions on the limitation of political and citizen rights of persons belonging to the above-mentioned categories issued by German administrative organs or the organs of the Soviet Military Administration of the Soviet occupation zone will be abrogated. 2) German adninistrative organs and denazification boards will be obliged to take steps necessary for the speed-.up and the conclusion of denazification in the Soviet occupation zone corresponding to the Directive No. 24 and No. 38 of the Con- trol Council and thi s order. 3) German legal organs will be obliged to concentrate their attention on steps being taken for legal prosecution and speed-up scrutiny of war criminals, members of criminal organizations, and leading personaliti es of the Hitler regime; at the same APRIL 1948 - 156 -
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