Germany (territory Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Civil Administration Division. / Denazification, cumulative review. Report, 1 April 1947-30 April 1948.
USFET directive, removal of Nazis and Militarists, 7 July 1945, pp. 23-36 PDF (6.1 MB)
DENAZIFICATION ANN C U. S. FOCES, SUOPFAN THEATER 7 July 1945, Directive REMOVAL OF NAZIS AND MILITARISTS Part is General Policy 1. Purpose It is the purpose of this directive to set forth the policy to be followed in the U. S. Zone with respect to the removal and exclusion of Nazis and German Mili- tarists from public office and positions of importance in quasi-public and private enterprises and to furnish detailed instructions to Military Government Officers in the execution of this policy. All other directives on this subject are repealed. All instructions on this subject are repealed only insofar as they are in conflict herewith. 2. Policy One of the principal objectives of the war and of all military operations in GiIUANY as stated in the official communique of the Crimea Conference is 'to destroy German militarism and Nazism* and "to remove all Nazi and militarist influences from public offices-and from the cultural and economic life of the German people". The policy as applied to the U. S. Zone is as follows: "All members of the Nazi party who have been more than nominal partici- pants in its activities, all active supporters of Nazism or militarism and all other persons hostile to Allied purposes will be removed and excluded from public office and from positions of importance in quasi-public and private enterprises; . . 3. Definitions a. Persons are to be treated as more than nominal participants in party activities and as active supporters of Nazism and militarism when they have (1) held office or otherwise been active at any level from local to national in the party and its subordinate organizations, or in organizations which further mili- taristic doctrines; (2) authorized or participated affirmatively in any Nazi crimes, racial persecutions or discriminations; (3) been avowed believers in Nazism or racial and militaristic creeds, or (4) voluntarily given substantial moral or material support or political assistance of any kind to the Nazi party or Nazi officials and leaders. b. The term 'public office' shall include all officials, civil servants, or employees in the governmental service excepting employment of such minor impor- tance that the incumbent or appointee is not placed in a position to endanger Allied- interests or commit acts hostile to Allied principles and purposes by reason of his employment. c. The term "positions of importance in quasi-public and private enter- prise' shall include policy making, executive positions and personnel officers in (l) civic, economic, and labor organizations; (2) corporations and other organiza- tions in which the German government or subdivisions have a major financial interest; (3) important industrial, commercials agricultural, and financial institutions; and (14) the press, publishing houses and other agencies disseminating news and propaganda. In the field of private or parochial education, the term shall include teachers as well as policy making or executive officials in such institutions. d. The term 'important industrial, commercial, agricultural and financial institutions' shall include all such institutions directly supervised, utilized or controlled by Military Government and all industrial, mining, public utility and APRIL 1948 - 23 -
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