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Germany (territory Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Civil Administration Division. / Denazification, cumulative review. Report, 1 April 1947-30 April 1948.
(1948)

USFET directive, removal of Nazis and Militarists, 7 July 1945,   pp. 23-36 PDF (6.1 MB)


Page 23

DENAZIFICATION
ANN    C
U. S. FOCES, SUOPFAN THEATER
7 July 1945, Directive
REMOVAL OF NAZIS AND MILITARISTS
Part is General Policy
1. Purpose
It is the purpose of this directive to set forth the policy to be followed
in
the U. S. Zone with respect to the removal and exclusion of Nazis and German
Mili-
tarists from public office and positions of importance in quasi-public and
private
enterprises and to furnish detailed instructions to Military Government Officers
in
the execution of this policy. All other directives on this subject are repealed.
All instructions on this subject are repealed only insofar as they are in
conflict
herewith.
2. Policy
One of the principal objectives of the war and of all military operations
in
GiIUANY as stated in the official communique of the Crimea Conference is
'to destroy
German militarism and Nazism* and "to remove all Nazi and militarist
influences
from public offices-and from the cultural and economic life of the German
people".
The policy as applied to the U. S. Zone is as follows:
"All members of the Nazi party who have been more than nominal partici-
pants in its activities, all active supporters of Nazism or militarism and
all other persons hostile to Allied purposes will be removed and excluded
from public office and from positions of importance in quasi-public and
private enterprises; . .
3. Definitions
a. Persons are to be treated as more than nominal participants in party
activities and as active supporters of Nazism and militarism when they have
(1)
held office or otherwise been active at any level from local to national
in the
party and its subordinate organizations, or in organizations which further
mili-
taristic doctrines; (2) authorized or participated affirmatively in any Nazi
crimes, racial persecutions or discriminations; (3) been avowed believers
in
Nazism or racial and militaristic creeds, or (4) voluntarily given substantial
moral
or material support or political assistance of any kind to the Nazi party
or Nazi
officials and leaders.
b. The term 'public office' shall include all officials, civil servants,
or employees in the governmental service excepting employment of such minor
impor-
tance that the incumbent or appointee is not placed in a position to endanger
Allied-
interests or commit acts hostile to Allied principles and purposes by reason
of his
employment.
c. The term "positions of importance in quasi-public and private enter-
prise' shall include policy making, executive positions and personnel officers
in
(l) civic, economic, and labor organizations; (2) corporations and other
organiza-
tions in which the German government or subdivisions have a major financial
interest;
(3) important industrial, commercials agricultural, and financial institutions;
and
(14) the press, publishing houses and other agencies disseminating news and
propaganda.
In the field of private or parochial education, the term shall include teachers
as
well as policy making or executive officials in such institutions.
d. The term 'important industrial, commercial, agricultural and financial
institutions' shall include all such institutions directly supervised, utilized
or
controlled by Military Government and all industrial, mining, public utility
and
APRIL 1948
- 23 -


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