Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
XVII: The Latin States Under Baldwin III and Amalric I, 1143-1174, pp. 528-561 PDF (13.3 MB)
~z8XVII THE LATIN STATES UNDER BALDWIN III AND AMALRIC 1143—1174 The period of forty years or so which followed the death of king Fulk began and ended in defeat. In i i~ Edessa (Urfa) fell. Jerusalem was taken by Saladin in 1187. Yet for the three states, Antioch, Tripoli, and Jerusalem, the intervening years were prosperous and brought to fruition their development as western European "colonies". Western usages, political, religious, economic, and military, modified to suit eastern conditions, were successfully implanted in Palestine and Syria, and the European conquerors reached a moclus vivencli with the native population, both Moslem and Christian. Since this chapter is concerned with the political history of the kingdom of Jerusalem and the other Latin states, the following select bibliography does not include works on strictly economic, religious, or institutional developments. The standard Latin source for the period from 1143 to 1174 is William of Tyre, Historia rerum in partibu.s transmarinis gestarum (on which cf. the bibliographical notes to earlier chapters): the Latin text with an Old French version is given in RHC, 0cc., I. A. C. Krey has discussed William's life and work thoroughly in his introduction to the English translation and in "The Making of an Historian in the Middle Ages," Speculum, XVI (i~.i), 14.9—166. In 1167 William was commissioned by king Amairic to record his Egyptian campaigns and in 1170 a more ambitious history of the kings of Jerusalem was undertaken. He was also tutor to the king's son, the future Baldwin IV, and was as a rule well informed regarding important developments. The period covered in this chapter was probably written after ii8o. The principal Moslem sources are Ibn-al-Athir, Al-kJmil fi-t-tcfrikb (extracts in RHC, Or., I, 187—.744) and Ta'rikh ad-daulab al-atabakiyah inulük al-Mau~il (RHC, Or., II, part a); Ibn-al-Qalanisi, Dbail ta'rikh Dimashq (extracts translated by H. A. R. Gibb, The Damascus Chronicle of the Crusades, London, 1932); abu-Shamah, Kitãb ar-rautlatain (RHC, Or., IV—V); Kamal-ad-Din, Zubdat al-~'~alab /1 t&rikh Halab (tr. E. Blochet, "Histoire d'Alep," ROL, 11—VI, 1894—1898): Usamah Ibn-Munqidh, Kitãb al_idtibãr, tr. P. K. Hitti, An Arab-Syrian Gentleman in the Period 01 the Crusades (Columbia University, Records of Civilization, New York, 1929); al-Maqrizi, Akhbãr Misr (tr. E. Blochet, "Histoire d'Egypte," ROL, VI—IX, 1898—1902). The Byzantine historians John Cinnamus and Nicetas Choniates can be found in RHC, Grecs, I, as well as in Migne, and the Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae. Gregory the Presbyter continued the Armenian chronicle of Matthew of Edessa to 1163 (RHC, Arm., I). Michael the Syrian's chronicle is edited and translated by J. B. Chabot (~. vols., Paris, 1899—1900) and (in part) in RHC, Arm., I.
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