Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Note from the American Embassy to the Soviet Foreign Ministry, regarding German reunification, September 30, 1958, pp. 305-307 PDF (1.4 MB)
DOCUMENTS -ON GERMANY, 1944-59 Note from the American Embassy to the Soviet Foreign Ministry, Regarding German Reunification, September 30, 19581 The Embassy of the United States of America presents its compli- ments to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and on instruction of its Gov-ernment has the honor to state the following: The United States Government wishes to refer to the Soviet Gov- ernment's note of September 18. It regrets that the Soviet note ignores the proposals made by the, Government of the Federal Re- public of Germany, which were contained in an Aide Memoire of September 9 addressed to the Governments of France, the Soviet Union, the IJnited Kingdom and the United States. These proposals, based on an unanimous, resolution of the German Federal Parliament which was endorsed by the German Federal Council, also called for the establishment of a Four-Power group to discuss the German prob- lem. The United States Government observes that instead, the Soviet note is based on proposals made by the so-called "Government of the German Democratic Republic". The UInited States Government fully shares the view expressed in the Soviet Government's note that "no one has the right to deprive the German people for such a. long time of the, opportunity to enjoy all the advantages of a state of peace". It also notes with satisfaction the. statement that the Soviet Govern- ment is "in favor of a fundamental settlement of the German ques- tion." It is well known to the Soviet Government that this has long been the aim of the United States Government. It is sufficient to recall the opening words of the Berlin Declaration which was made by the Governments of France, the Federal Republic of Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States on July 29, 1957: "Twelve years have elapsed since the end of the war in Europe. The hopes of the peoples of the world for the establishmient of a basis for a just and lasting peace have nevertheless not been fulfilled. One of the basic reasons for the failure to reach a settlement is the con- tinue-d division of Germany, which is a grave injustice to the German people and a major source of international tension in Europe". The United States Government agrees that, as stated in the Soviet note, "the conclusion of a peace treaty with Germany would finally draw the line below the last, war"' and that the German people should themselves participate in the preparation of such a treaty. An essen- tial prerequisite for the negotiation of a, peace treaty is, however, the creation of a Government which truly reflects the will of the Ger- man people. Only a Government created on such a basis could un- dertake obligations which would inspire confidence on the part of other countries and which would be considered just and binding by the people of Germany themselves. Moreover, German representa- tives at any discussions about a peace treaty which were held in ad- vance of the reunification of Germany would, as the Soviet Govern- ment must be aware, have no power to commit a future all-German Government to any of the conclusions reached. For these reasons, the United States Government considers that the first task in any dis- IDepartment of State press release 5,73, September 30, 19i5. The British and French Embassies delivered identical notes on the same day.
This material may be protected by copyright law (e.g., Title 17, US Code).| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright