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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Report by Secretary of State Dulles on the Geneva foreign ministers meeting, November 18, 1955,   pp. 178-185 PDF (3.4 MB)

Page 178

interest of the maintenance of peace in Europe. Such a treaty might
be based on the following principles:.
1. The member states of the North Atlantic Treaty Organiza-
tion and of the Paris Agreements, on the one hand, and the parties
to the Warsaw Treaty, on the other, undertake to refrain from
the use of armed force against one another. This undertaking
shall not infringe upon the right of states to individual or collec-
tive self-de ense in the event of an armed attack, as provided
in Article 51 of the UN Charter.
2. The parties to the Treaty undertake to consult one another
in the event of differences and disputes which might, constitute a
threat to the maintenance of peace in Europe.
3. This Treaty is of a provisional nature and shall remain
in effect until it is replaced by another treaty for the establish-
ment of a system of collective security in Europe.
Report by Secretary of State Dulles on the Geneva Foreign
Ministers Meeting, November 18, 1955 1
For the last three weeks the British, the French and ourselves have
been negotiating with the Russians at Geneva. I got back yesterday
and reported fully to the President in a talk which began last evening
and was resumed this morning. Now I am. reporting to you, the
American people.
As I expect most of you know, this Geneva meeting did not reach
any agreements. As a result, many questions are in the air.
Does this mean that the so-called "spirit of Geneva" is dead?
Does it mean that the risk of war has increased?
Will the so-called "cold war" be resumed in full vigor?
Will the United States now have to change basically its military
and mutual security programs?
Does it mean an end to negotiating with the Soviet Union?
I shall try to answer all of these questions.
First of all, however, I would like to recall how this latest Geneva
Conference came about.
I go back to last spring. Until then Soviet Russia had been pur-
suing a menacing policy. That was Stalin's line. He believed it, was
possible to ride roughshod over the free nations.
After Stalin died, that effort continued for a time. The Soviets
made intense and blustering efforts to keep West Germany apart from
the other Western European nations. Despite this, the Federal Re-
public of Germany last May joined NATO and the Brussels Treaty
creating Western European Union.
This Soviet failure was followed by a change in the Soviet de-
meanor. Stalin's successors professed, at least superficially, to desire
cooperative relations with the free nations. And they made im-
portant concessions for this purpose.
For eexample, they had for eight years refused to sign the Treaty
which would give Austria her freedom. But last May they signed
that Treaty and pulled the Red Army out of Austria.
1 Ibid., pp. 1-9. Delivered over radio and television.

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