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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Soviet proposal on insuring European security, February 10, 1954,   p. 120 PDF (403.1 KB)

Page 120

Soviet Proposal on Insuring European Security, February 10,
1. The Governments of France, the United Kingdom, the U.S.A.
and the U.S.S.R. undertake to continue their efforts toward a satis-
factory solution of the German problem in conformity with the princi-
ples of national freedom and the maintenance of peace and also toward
the recognition of the rights of all other European states seeking pro-
tection against the violation of their national interests and security
by any other state.
2. Pending the conclusion of a peace treaty with Germany and the
reunification of Germany on a democratic and peace-loving basis, the
following measures will be implemented:
(a) Within 6 months, occupation forces shall be simultaneously
withdrawn from the territory of both Eastern and Western Ger-
many, with the exception of such limited contingents as are neces-
sary for the performance of protective functions connected with
the control responsibilities of the Four Powers: the U.S.S.R.
with regard to Eastern Germany; the United States, U.K. and
France with regard to Western Germany.
The size of such contingents shall be subject to agreement among
the Governments of the Four Powers.
(b) In the event that a threat to security in either part of Ger-
many should arise, the powers at present performing occupational
functions in Germany shall have the right to call in their troops:
the U.S.S.R. into Eastern Germany and the U.S.A., U.K., and
France into Western Germany.
(c) For the maintenance of internal order and frontier defense
the German Democratic Republic and the German Federal Re-
public shall have police units, the strength and armament of
which shall be determined by agreement between the Four Powers.
In order to insure compliance with this agreement in Eastern and
Western Germany, inspection teams composed of representatives of
the Four Powers shall be formed.
3. In conformity with the provisions set forth above, the imple-
mentation of which will insure that neutralization of Germany and
the creation of conditions favorable to a solution of the German prob-
lem in the interest of stabilizing peace in Europe, the Four Powers
shall take immediate steps to facilitate the conclusion between Euro-
pean States of a treaty on collective security providing adequate guar-
anties against aggression and violation of peace in Europe. To this
end the Four Powers agree to take the initiative in calling an appro-
priate conference of European States.
Soviet Proposal for a General European Treaty on Collective
Security in Europe, February 10, 19542
For the purpose of insuring peace and security and of preventing
aggression against any state in Europe,
1 Ibid., pp. 230-231.
2 Ibid., pp. 231-232.

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