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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Comments on the draft electoral law of the GDR Volkskammer, by the Bonn Ministry for All-German Affairs, January 11, 1952 [extracts],   pp. 80-82 PDF (1.3 MB)

Page 80

The Central Election Committee shall make known the election
results. They must be published in the legal gazettes of Eastern and
Western Germany.
The National Assembly shall be convoked by the Central Election
Committee. Time and place of the meeting must be published
without delay by the East and West German authorities. The Cen-
tral Election Committee shall inform the members of the National
Assembly by the quickest means of their election and of the time
and place of the meeting of the National Assembly.
Comments on the Draft Electoral Law of the GDR Volkskammer,
by the Bonn Ministry for All-German Affairs, January 11,19521
* * * The masters of the Soviet Zone, who, never have wanted truly
democratic elections, do not want them today either. All they ever
wanted were "all-German consultations." In the draft law which
the Soviet Zone has now adopted, the proposal for "all-German con-
sultations" also figures as a prerequisite for the holding of all-German
elections. It is not elections throughout Germany that the rulers of
the Soviet Zone intend to achieve by this law, but "all-German con-
sultations"; they want to use the issue of Germany reunification as
a bargaining point in the "horse-trading" they pursue in the.interest
of Soviet plans.
With the usual fraudulent. devices so typical of the practices of the
people's democracy, they have worked out and adopted an electoral
law which, so they aver, is based on the electoral law of 1924 of the
Weimar Republic.. Indeed, the law might perhaps appear acceptable
at first glance. But anyone who studies it more closely will not fail
to discern that this law reveals a cunning attempt at spreading Com-
munist influence throughout Germany already prior to the proposed
elections. The most striking instruments of this treacherous plan are
apparent in the provisions to subdivide the area. of election into seven-
teen or more election districts, and to allow all parties, organizations
and associations in existence in Germany to tender election proposals,
provided they bear the signature of twenty persons. This means that
the more than fifty Communist front organizations in the Federal Re-
public and the very large number of Communist-controlled mass
organizations in the Soviet Zone will also be included. It is meant
to create confusion and fragmentization of political effort. The district
election committees will be dominated by the Communists and the
SED. The central election committee will be composed equally
of Communists and their supporters for the most part. International
guarantees for the proper preparation and execution of the elections
will be excluded. * * *
*        *       *        *       *        *       *
1Docuqnents on Gferman Unoity, vol. II, pp. 41-42.

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