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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1892
61st ([1892])

Reports of superintendents of schools,   pp. 647-708 PDF (30.2 MB)

Page 647

FORT MOJAVE, ARIZ., July 20, 1892. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith my second annual report of the af-
fairs of the Herbert Welsh Institute, located at Fort Mojave, Ariz.: 
Attendance.-I was sent here to organize this school two years ago last June,
the school was opened on the 8th day of October following with 27 pupils
in at- 
tendance. This number soon increased to 101. The total enrollment for the
fiscal year 1892 has been 122. Unlike the first year, the children were eager
to reenter school. Nearly everyone who attended school the first year was
anxious to return, and I could have taken in more had our capacity been greater.
The pupils have been much better satisfied this year than last, as is evidenced
by the fact that while we had 18 runaways last year we have had but 5 this
Three of these five afterwards wished to return and I accepted one of them.
During the year I found it necessary to discharge two of the larger boys
for bad 
conduct. In January we sent 11 of our larger and more advanced pupils to
Genoa industrial school. 
Not only has it been much easier to persuade the children to come to school,
but the parents have been much more favorable, even bringing their children
in some cases 100 miles on foot to attend. As these old Indians gave me a
deal of trouble last year, this change of heart on their part is very gratifying
I might state here, that I have had no rations to give these Indians, and
policemen to force them to send their children to school. The children came
because they wanted to, and stayed because they preferred the school to their
homes. With greater facilities this year we have added very much to the at-
tractiveness of our rooms, and by means of evergreen mottoes, pictures neatly
framed, cards, illustrated papers, picture books, games, rugs, carpets, etc.,
made them places of comfort and beauty. These little things appeal mightily
to the untutored hearts of these little ones, and tend very strongly to foster
them a desire for better things. 
I desire here to thank those excellent Christian ladies, Mrs. M. E. Dorchester
and Frances E. Sparhawk, for their many valuable gifts of pictures, books,
etc., to this school. 
Literary.-Our literary work has been conducted along the line of the regular
course of study adopted by the Indian Office. We have been blessed by having
with us three most excellent teachers, painstaking and enthusiastic. The
have been docile and studious. Twice the advancement has been made this year
than last, and with less wear and tear. 
The pupils have grown fond of talking to each other in English when by them-
selves, and like to sing our English songs. They are still backward about
ing a knowledge of our language before white strangers. They take their books
to their rooms with them at night for study. Even when at work some of them
like to have a book at hand, and very often we will see a boy or girl acting
"teacher"1 with a class of noisy little ones around "spelling
Industrial work.-This school has been an "industrial school " in
name only so 
far. We have never had but a carpenter and blacksmith until last April, when
we let the carpenter go and engaged a farmer. We have had from 4 to 8 boys
working in the carp inter shop every day, and with marked success. Four boys
have been working in the blacksmith shop and from 2 to 12 on the farm. In
cases they learn quickly. In fact an Indian bay can be taught to do anything
that a white boy can, although thl- white boy vill do the work easier, because
he thinks while he works. 

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