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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1884

Report of Genoa school,   pp. 207-209 PDF (1.3 MB)

Page 207

REPORT    OF GENOA     SCHOOL.                    207 
the day and working the other half; I had one grade in the forenoon and the
in the afternoon. I have found the children apt and eager to learn, their
average be- 
ing as good as that of white children. In the first or primary grade we use
First Reader and Monroe's Reading Charts. They are also given instructions
in oral 
arithmetic and inewriting. In the second grade are used Appleton's Second
Robinson's Primary Arithmetic, Monteith's First Lessons in Geography, Watson's
Complete Speller, and the Spencerian system of copy books. All the children
the Engligh language, and understand quite readily. In the first grade are
34 pupils and in the second grade 41 pupils, 8 of whom were advanced from
the first 
grade at the end of the third quarter. (Minnie Unthank.) 
In regard to the sanitary condition of the school for the past year I have
to say 
that the general health of the school has been good. A large majority of
the cases 
treated have been such as common sore eyes, sore throat, colds, and other
slight ail- 
ments. But few serious cases of illness have occurred, and but two deaths.
children were returned to their homes during the year on account of poor
Eight of the ten were the victims of inherited consumptional disease. The
two were 
the result of consumption. 
Near the beginning of the year a building 20 by 24 feet was erected for a
boys' hos- 
pital, and a little later another, of the same size, for a girls' hospital.
Previous to the 
erection of these buildings, the overcrowded condition of the school made
it very 
difficult to take proper care of the sick. Since their erection it has been
possible to 
give the best of care in almost every respect, and to this fact is largely
due the small- 
ness of the number of cases of serious sickness. 
The present location of the school buildings, considered from a sanitary
is not a good one, for two very important reasons; the first is, the drainage
is very 
poor, and cannot be bettered without considerable expense; the second is,
that the 
water supply is totally inadequate to the needs of the school. Of the four
wells on the 
grounds all fail during the dry season, and it becomes necessary to haul
water from 
-J to 1 mile, which, for so large a number, is not a small task. If the water
by the wells was sufficient in quantity, the drainage and the location of
the wells are 
such that eventually the water in the wells will be so contaminated as to
prove a 
fruitful source of disease Now that the number of children in school is increased
from 150 to 200, if the location of the school buildings is not changed immediate
action should be taken to improve the drainage and to furnish the school
with an 
abundant supply of fresh water. (W. V. Coffin.) 
Yours respectfully, 
H. J. MINTHORN, Superintendent. 
Genoa, Platte County, ebraska, August 20, 1884. 
SIR: I have the honor to report the opening of this school on the 20th of
1884, with 71 pupils from the Rosebud Agency, Dakota. On the 24th of the
same month 
18 arrived froin the Yankton agency, Dakota. March 1, 27; March 20, 13; April
5, and July 17, 2, all from the Rosebud Agency, joined the school; making
an aggre- 
gate of 136. One not accepted, and sent back; 2 have since died; 1 removed
another school; 3 have run away, and not yet brought back, leaving 129; 89
and 40 girls attending school. Their ages range from seven to twenty-two
A few over eighteen were admitted by permission of the Indian Office. 
Have had 7, 2 boys, and 5 girls, from the Indian training school at Carlisle,
One of the boys was discharged for insubordination; the other is now employed
laborer and disciplinarian. One of the young ladies resigned, 2 are assistant
cooks, 1 
assistant seamstress, and 1 assistant laundress; all of whom are competent
and faith- 
ful in their several duties. 
The school building is of brick. The main portion, formerly used for school
poses by the Pawnee Indians, is 110 by 45 feet, three floors, with wings
recently added 
crossing each end, each 80 by 20 feet, four floors. Basement occupied as
a dining- 

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