United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1883
Reports of agents in New Mexico, pp. 116-124 PDF (4.5 MB)
116 REPORTS OF AGENTS IN NEW MEXICO. fair pasture land for summer and fall use, but the balance of this large area (200,000 acres) is absolutely worthless for any purpose except as the home of the coyote, man- eater, rattlesnake, horned toad, centipede, and tarantula. The iron-bound mountains on the immediate east of the reservation buildings and the lava desert plains on the west, cut up with deep cafions and gorges, make up the major portion of the 200,000 acres above described. The only pleasant portion of the reservation to look upon is along the Owyhee for a distance of 16 miles from the point where the river leaves the mountains on the east, flowing to the northwest, entering the low lava hills, losing itself as it were in the deep caflons, where it seems to be crowded for room in its struggle for exit in coursing its way to the Snake, thence to the Columbia, finally into the Pa- cific Ocean, a distance of 1,200 miles. EMPLOYtS. I find it very difficult to secure and keep good, sober, and moral employgs at the reservation, for the reason that the salaries paid by the Government are too low when compared with the prevailing rates paid for the same kind and character of services. The common laborer receives from $2.50 to $3 per day. Mechanics or skilled laborers are paid from $5 to $6 per day, such as blacksmiths, carpenters, bricklayers, engineers, machinists, painters, &c. All of which is most respectfully submitted. Yours, respectfully, JOHN S. MAYHUGH, United State8 Indian Agent, We8tern Shoshone Agency, Nevada. The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. HEADQUARTERS MESCALERO AND JICARILLA APACHES, SouthFork, N. Mex., Augu8t 15, 1883. SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith my third annual report, with accompa- nying statistics, in accordance with printed instructions received from your office, dated July 13, 1883. THE RESERVATION. In accordance with the Executive order of May 19, 1882, and in compliance with the request of the Interior Department to the honorable Secretary of War, Lieuten- ant Cecil of the Thirteenth Infantry was detailed, and during the year has completed the survey of the exterior lines of the reservation, a large number of the Mescaleros accompanying him, building stone monuments, blazing trees, and thoroughly mark- ing the line upon the ground. At Three Rivers, on the northwest corner of the res- ervation, Lieutenant Cecil discovered that township 10, range 11 east overlapped the reservation some 44 miles. As this township had been subdivided it gave settlers a pretext to locate on the Indian farms at Three Rivers, and several locations were made thereon. In March last, when I acquainted your office with these facts, all of said township was promptly withdrawn from further settlement, pending the decis- ion of the question. I mention these facts for the reason that I have had much trouble with the Three River band of Mescaleros to keep them from forcibly ejecting the settlers from their lands, assuring them that the Government would protect their rights and remedy the error of the Government survey. In this connection I wish to refer to the visit made by a delegation of fifty of these Indians to the tertio-millennial celebration at Santa F6, N. Mex., in July, where they had an opportunity of an extended talk with Hon. John A. Logan, Congressman W. M. Springer, Payson and Laird, and other distinguished gentlemen. As this was the first time the Mescaleros have had an opportunity to see anything of civilization, it was an event of great importance to them; and to the gentlemen named above they presented their claims and requests for a patent for their reservation. It is my opinion that this visit to Santa F6 will result in great good to the Indians. They were kindly received by the citizens, and, I think, returned to the reservation with a better idea of our civilization than they have heretofore had. AGRICULTURAL. The Indians have made rapid progress in this direction during the past year. When I first came to the Mescalero Agency there was not a single Indian who could plow; now there are 20 of them who can handle a plow in a skillful manner. I estimate they have from 250 to 300 acres of land in corn this year, every acre of which is cul- tivated by the Indians themselves.
As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright