United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1883
Report of agent in Iowa, pp. 90-91 PDF (1.0 MB)
90 REPORT OF AGENT IN IOWA. CROPS. The crops of corn, cotton, wheat, and oats are very fine, and are produced entirely, or nearly so, on the bottoms along the streams. The uplands are good for grazing only. The crops are raised by white renters mostly, who rent farms from the Indians on the same terms that land is leased in the States. Under their own laws an Indian is entitled to all the lands he will fence, or have fenced; consequently nearly every Indian can have a farm without much exertion on his part. Horses, cattle, hogs, cotton, pecans, and furs are the chief articles of export. SCHOOLS. Each of these nations has a public-school system similar to those of the States, and holds teachers' institutes at its capitol annually. The settlements are so very far apart that schools can be established only at those localities where ten or more scholars can be got together. The neighborhood builds the house and the nation furnish teachers and books. Most of the teachers are edu- cated Indians, who teach the English only in the schools. In addition to the neigh- borhood schools, as they are called, each nation has academies and seminaries, all boarding schools, for their children only. The Cherokees have two fine 4eminaries, that have been in operation for years. They are managed and operated by Chero- kees. The Choctaws have three large academies, one under the management of the Methodist Church South, and the other two by the Presbyterian Missionary Board. The Chickasaws have four academies, conducted by contractors, who are citizens of the Chickasaw Nation. The Seminoles have two, one under the management of the Methodist Church South, the other by the Presbyterian Missionary Board, the nation paying the managers about $80 per annum for each pupil boarded, clothed, and edu- cated. The Creeks have four seminaries, one under the management of each of the following religious societies: The Methodist Church South, Southern Baptist, Presby- terian, and Baptist Home Missionary Societies, the latter school for Creek freedmen. In addition to the above there are a number of "pay schools." These are schools established by private enterprise and students paying tuition, except in cases where individuals or societies in the States pay tuition for certain students. These schools receive no support from the nation. Worcester Academy, at Vinita, under the super- vision of the Congregational society, erected during the last year by funds subscribed by citizens of the Cherokee Nation, is one of the best in the Territory, and had about 100 students during the last year. Iarrell Institute, at Muskogee, managed by the Methodist Church South, has about 150 students, and will erect a fine academy build- ing during the fall. Indian University, at Tah-le-quah, managed by the Baptist Home Missionary Society, will be removed to Muskogee during the fall and a $12,000 build- ing erected. The Presbyterian school for girls at Muskogee are erecting a building for boarding-ball, and will open school in September. The schools managed by religious societies, either as pay schools or under contract with the nations, are the most suc- cessful RECOMMENDATIONS. I respectfully recommend that proper steps be taken to secure passage of laws pro- viding for imprisonment of intruders who return after being removed; for punish- ment for stealing coal and timber from the reservations; for establishing a United States court within the Territory, as the treaty provides; for increasing the pay and number of police, and for payment of the principal to the Indians who receive per capita payment. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, JNO. Q. TUFTS, United States Indian Agent. The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. SAC AND FOX AGENCY, Tama County, Iowa, August 15, 1883. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following as my fifth annual report of the condition and progress of the Indians under my charge. The Fox or Musquakie tribe of Indians, are located in Tama County, Iowa, where they have livedl for over thirty years, surrounded by a large population of white people. They now own about 1,340 acres, having recently purchased 365 acres, at a cost of $13,000, taken from their annuity funds. This tract of land is about one-third timber, and the balance good grazing and farming land, though subject to overflow in timt. of high water. It is owned in common, and held in trust by the governor of the State of Iowa. Individual Indians, however, own 85 acres in their own right, making a total of 1,425 (at a cost of $28,000), which is all fenced with wire and boards.
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