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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1879

Report of agent in Wyoming,   pp. 166-169 PDF (1.8 MB)

Page 166

BUFFALO BAY, July 27, 1879. 
DEAR SIR: It is with more than ordinary pleasure I have the honor to submit
fifth annual report of the Red Cliff Government Indian School, cbmmencing
July, 1878, 
and ending June, 1879. 
Five years ago first of next month I opened the school in this place. On
taking a 
review of that time it is interesting to note the advancement which the school
made. Then, several young men and girls came to school who did not even know
alphabet. Now, nearly all the little boys and girls can not only read understandingly,
but most of them can write and cipher. The number under my care is 52 half-breeds;
mhales, 25; females, 19; Indian males, 4; females, 4. Of the 52, 11 left
the reserve in 
the spring. Forty-five pupils have been admitted to the school during the
year. The 
number of scholars in attendance this year three months or more is 20; boys,
girls, 6. The number of Indians under the age of 18 who can read is 48. Adults
20, 10. Largest monthly attendance, 32; largest average, 19. The number of
taught, 9. 
The painting of school-room and sugar-making rendered it impossible to teach
ten months. The standing of the pupils in their respective classes is as
follows: Read- 
ing, fourth book, 4; second book, 16; third book, 8; first book, 15; A B
Cs, 2; 30 
write tolerably fair; 28 cipher well; 7 in addition, 17 in multiplication,
2 in division, 
and 2 in fractions. 
It gives me great pleasure in summing up this report to add, in my opinion,
and it 
is the popular one of the people, that the Indians on this reserve are now
enough in education and agriculture to take care of themselves without any
ment aid. 
I am, sir, most respectfully, your humble and obedient servant, 
Government Teacher. 
Dr. I. L. MAHAN, 
United States Indian Agent. 
I inclose herewith statistics compiled from farmers', teachers', and other
reports, for your further information. 
Respectfully submitted. 
United States Indian Agent. 
August 11, 1879. 
SIR: I have the honor herewith to submit my third annual report, with accompa-
nying statistics, in accordance with printed instructions received from the
office, dated 
June 18,1879: 
The number of Indians belonging and who have remained at the Shoshone and
nock Agency during the year past is as follows: Shoohone and Bannocks, 1,250;
Arapahoes and a few Cheyennes consolidated with them, 900; making a total
of 2,150 
Indians. These Indians have remained quietly on the reservation during most
of the 
year. Nearly all of them, however, went away during the last winter on their
annual hunt and laid in a large amount of meat and secured a great many robes
furs. They are constantly improving in their condition and habits, but there
is still 
room for greater improvements in this respect. Their disposition is peaceful,
and they 
are desirous of persevering in learning the ways of the whites, especially
in tilling the 
soil and in raising cattle. Their progress in these things will, I think,
bear favorable 
comparison with that of any other tribe of mountain Indians. The mixed-blood
lation of these tribes are but few, and of squaw-men, the bane of most Indian
there are but one or two at this agency. Althougk several opportunities have
sented themselves for incorporating such with the tribes, it was thought
best not to 
allow white men to marry squaws abd settle upon the reservation, believing
squaw-men seldom benefit a tribe of Indians. This appears to be the wisest
course to 
pursue, and if the same plan was adopted at all agencies they would find
their people 
more tractable. 
There have been two boarding-schools opened during the year, one for each
We had no suitable buildings for conductinz the schools, but, by permission
of the office. 
Indians were hired and timber was brought from Wind River, 18 miles distant,
assisting to saw the lumber and erect three buildings for the purpose. Owing
the distance and the slow progress of procuring logs -f& lumber, the
frames were cov- 
ered .with canvas, and although they are excellent or summer, will be worthless

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