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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874

[Kansas],   pp. 211-218 PDF (3.9 MB)

Page 211

the patient falls into the hands of the "medicine-men." A lady
Friend has been sent here- 
under the auspices of the New York Yearly Meeting of Friends, to look after
and care for 
the sick, and teach the women household duties A hospital would aid her very
much in 
her work, and be of invaluable benefit to the tribe. I earnestly desire that
steps be taken 
to secure such an institution at the earliest possible day. 
That portion of the tribe known as the Wisconsin Winnebagoes, who were removed
last winter, have been the means of retarding civilization in the tribe to
a very great extent. 
From the moment of their arrival they set up the cry of dissatisfaction,
and have kept it 
up until they have unsettled and demoralized a number of the young men of
the reservation, 
or Nebraska Indians, who previously had taken some steps toward industry
and self-support, 
and have induced seventeen of these to return with them to Wisconsin. More
than one- 
half of the Wisconsins removed here last winter have returned to that State
within the last 
four months. On the 19th day of last Fifthmonth I received notice that a
special agent, in 
the person of D. B. Bon, had been appointed to aid me in retaining these
Indians upon this 
reservation, and to provide for their comfort, and also to assist me in advancing
them in the 
arts of civilization. A quantity of clothing, blankets, shoes, &c., had
been provided by the 
Department for their benefit, which the larger portion of the Indians refused
to accept, 
claiming that they had been promised much more. Special Agent Bon urged the
of issuing the goods to those who were willing to remain, in order to make
them the better 
contented. I reluctantly consented, (knowing their infidelity,) and the result
is that many 
who received goods have left the reservation, notwithstanding all our efforts
to retain them. 
A portion of the Wisconsin Indians who were removed are at work on their
land, doing 
what they can with the means at hand toward making homes for themselves,
and deserve 
the favor of the Government. 
Previous to my assuming charge here a number of Winnebagoes from Minnesota,
half-bloods who had become citizens and received their proportion of the
tribal fund. had 
come among the tribe. Their influence with the Indians was bad, and I frequently
requested them to leave, without effect. I then notified the Department of
their unlawful 
presence here and received authority to have them removed, which I have done,
and hope 
now to be able to keep clear of their contaminating influence. 
There has been furnished for the tribe during the year, by contribution from
the New' 
York Friends, clothing to the amount of about $650, and $100 in cash for
sanitary purposes, 
nearly all of which has been issued to the Indians, and has been of great
benefit to theni, 
the sanitary fund in particular. The Friends have also sent a very fine bell
for the indus- 
trial-school building which will prove a valuable acquisition to that institution.
It is my opinion that if the Winnebago Indians are kept under the care of
some religious 
denomination that Will direct and protect them in a straightforward course,
that the time is 
not far distant when they will become self-sustaining and independent. I
do not think it 
would be wise policy to citizenize them; a few might prosper under such an
but the greater number would squander their property and become paupers and
I believe there is now great reason for encouragement, and, if they can be
kept under the 
proper influences and guided and directed by honest officers, that the time
will soon come 
when they will be a prosperous and happy people. 
Very respectfully, 
United States Indian Agent. 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. G. 
Lawrence, Kans., Ttuthmonth 20, 1874. 
Commissioner Indian Afairs, Washington, D. C.: 
I present herewith my sixth annual report on the condition of the Indians
of the Central 
superintendency, and in doing so it is gratifying to be able to state that
a visible advance in 
civilization has been made by all these Indians, except that portion of the
Cheyenues, Co- 

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