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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1866
([1866])

Extract from report of the secretary of Interior PDF (414.1 KB)


14 
/ b'Extract from, report of the &ecrt tary of~ncir 
The voluminous rcport of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs exhibits in de
tail the condition of this difficult and important branch of the public service.
The numerous treaties recently negotiated with various Indian tribes have
greatly 
augmented the labors of the department, and the constant pressure of emigration
into the Indian territory produces conflicts of interest which require judicious
management to adjust and control. The Commissioner sets forth the terms and
stipulations of those treaties. The Indian tribes of the southwest have resumed
their former friendly relations with the government, and it is hoped that
they will 
succeed in fully adjusting the differences which have heretofore existed
among 
them in consequence of the different attitudes they were induced to assume
towards 
the United States during the rebellion. 
There are before the Senate some important treaties with the Indian tribes
in 
Utah, Kansas, and Dakota, to which the attention of that body is respectfully
invited. Several treaties recently negotiated with Indian tribes in the northwest
will be submitted to you at an early day, to be laid before the Senate for
its con- 
sideration and action. It is believed that, should they be ratified and faithfully
executed, peaceful relations will be established with powerful tribes occupying
a 
vast extent of country, who have recently been in hostility to the government.
The Commissioner suggests the necessity of further negotiations with some
of 
the Indians in Kansas, with a view to their removal from that State; and
also 
with the Indian tribes in Idaho, New Mexico, and Dakota, for their.removal
to 
and settlement upon reservations to be set apart for their exclusive occupancy
and use. These suggestions will receive the early and careful consideration
of 
the department. Collisions and hostility have been of less frequent occurrence
between the whites and the Indians during the past year, than has been gen-
erally believed. Occasionally, depredations have been committed, and raids
made 
upon emigrants and settlers ; but these are believed to have been greatly
exag- 
gerated, either by the feafs of the inexperienced and timid, or the cupidity
and 
selfishness of interested and designing speculators. Peace appears to have
been 
the rule, and hostilities the exception, between the Missisippi river and
the Rocky 
mountains. 
It has been the settled policy of the government to establish the various
tribes 
upon suitable reservations and there protect and subsist them until they
can be 
taught to cultivate the soil and sustain themselves. It is no doubt the best,
if 
not the only. policy that can be pursued to preserve them frbm extinction.
Numerous recommendations looking to the amelioration of the condition of
these wards of the government, are contained in the Commissioner's report,
and 
will no doubt receive the attention of Congress. 


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