United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1865
Colorado superintendency, pp. 176-183 PDF (3.2 MB)
176 NEW MEXICO SUPERINTENDENCY The treaty should give the Indians a reasonable compensation for the re- linquishment of this claimed right, in annual payments for a term of years, not payable in money, but in articles of clothing, provisions and farning im- pliments, as would be necessary for their comfort, and would enable them to cultivate the soil. A carpenter, farmer and blacksmith should be employed to assist them in the erection of houses, cultivation of the soil, and the repair of the farming implements. An industrial school should be established on each reservation, and in the treaty it should be specified that all children between eight and sixteen years of age should be placed in charge of the agent to educate them; the government agreeing that during that period the children should be clothed and fed, and the Indians to agree that, during that time, the children should labor at least three hours per day, under the direction of the agent. The Indians in New Mexico are at this time as much uncivilized as when the government first took them in charge, and it is my opinion that they will remain in the same state until they settle on reservations, and are compel- led to cultivate the soil for their maintenance, and allow their children to be educated mentally, morally and physically. This alone I think will save them, and place this country in a condition for the development of its pastoral, agricultural and mineral resources, and save the citizens from the constant depredations of the Indians. Without this I am convinced that they will continue to sink deeper into degradation, so long as a generous govQrnment, or their practices of begging and stealing, will afford them a means of subsist- ence. The country now occupied by the Jicarilla Apaches and the Mohua- che Utahs, as I said before, is a grant belonging to Mr. Maxwell, but pos- sesses everything necessary for living, and if the government, either by agreement or contract, should select this place for a reservation for these Indians, they would be in a few years happy, and would highly appreciate it. Up to the present time both tribes, Jicarilla and Mohuache Utahs, own as their property some horses and mules, which value is stated in the en- closed statistical report. Their whole interest at present is to have good horses and good arms. In conclusion, I have the honor to recommend to the department in Wash- ington that prompt measures be taken to establish at once these Indians on a reservation. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, LORENZO LABADI, FELIPE DELGADO, Esq., United States indian Agent. Superintendent of Indian Affairs, New Mexico. COLORADO SUPERINTENDENCY. No. 43. ExEcuTIvE DEPARTMENT, COLORADO TERRITORY, Denver, lay 1, 1865. I have the honor to report that on the - ultimo I received information of the arrival on the Little Chug, about one hundred and twenty miles from this place, of a band of Arapahoe Indians from the north, numbering about one hundred and twenty lodges, with their chief medicine man, or Roman Nose.
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