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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1865
([1865])

Colorado superintendency,   pp. 176-183 PDF (3.2 MB)


Page 176

176 
NEW MEXICO SUPERINTENDENCY 
The treaty should give the Indians a reasonable compensation for the re-
linquishment of this claimed right, in annual payments for a term of years,
not payable in money, but in articles of clothing, provisions and farning
im- 
pliments, as would be necessary for their comfort, and would enable them
to 
cultivate the soil. A carpenter, farmer and blacksmith should be employed
to assist them in the erection of houses, cultivation of the soil, and the
repair 
of the farming implements. An industrial school should be established on
each reservation, and in the treaty it should be specified that all children
between eight and sixteen years of age should be placed in charge of the
agent to educate them; the government agreeing that during that period 
the children should be clothed and fed, and the Indians to agree that, during
that time, the children should labor at least three hours per day, under
the 
direction of the agent. 
The Indians in New Mexico are at this time as much uncivilized as when 
the government first took them in charge, and it is my opinion that they
will remain in the same state until they settle on reservations, and are
compel- 
led to cultivate the soil for their maintenance, and allow their children
to be 
educated mentally, morally and physically. This alone I think will save them,
and place this country in a condition for the development of its pastoral,
agricultural and mineral resources, and save the citizens from the constant
depredations of the Indians. Without this I am convinced that they will 
continue to sink deeper into degradation, so long as a generous govQrnment,
or 
their practices of begging and stealing, will afford them a means of subsist-
ence. The country now occupied by the Jicarilla Apaches and the Mohua- 
che Utahs, as I said before, is a grant belonging to Mr. Maxwell, but pos-
sesses everything necessary for living, and if the government, either by
agreement or contract, should select this place for a reservation for these
Indians, they would be in a few years happy, and would highly appreciate
it. 
Up to the present time both tribes, Jicarilla and Mohuache Utahs, own 
as their property some horses and mules, which value is stated in the en-
closed statistical report. Their whole interest at present is to have good
horses and good arms. 
In conclusion, I have the honor to recommend to the department in Wash- 
ington that prompt measures be taken to establish at once these Indians on
a reservation. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
LORENZO LABADI, 
FELIPE DELGADO, Esq.,                   United States indian Agent. 
Superintendent of Indian Affairs, New Mexico. 
COLORADO SUPERINTENDENCY. 
No. 43. 
ExEcuTIvE DEPARTMENT, COLORADO TERRITORY, 
Denver, lay 1, 1865. 
I have the honor to report that on the -   ultimo I received information
of the arrival on the Little Chug, about one hundred and twenty miles from
this place, of a band of Arapahoe Indians from the north, numbering about
one hundred and twenty lodges, with their chief medicine man, or Roman 
Nose. 


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