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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1856

[Oregon territory],   pp. 193-224 PDF (12.9 MB)

Page 193

. I cannot learn, either from the communications of the department 
or the proceedings of the Senate, whether the treaties made with the 
Indians of the Sound, and with the Nez Perces and Flatheads, will 
be confirmed. The agent of the Flatheads, Dr. Lansdale, is now at 
my camp, and he reports in the strongest terms in commendation of 
the conduct of the 'Flathead nation. They have fkithfully observed 
the terms of their treaty with the Blackfeet, and the Blackfeet have 
been faithful, likewise, on all occasions. They have shown the strong- 
est proofs of friendship towards the whites, and of confidence in the 
.Should these treaties not be confirmed during the present session of 
Congress, I will most earnestly urge the department to give them its 
sanction, so they may become the law of the land at the next session. 
If any explanations are required by the department, I will respect- 
fully ask that I be early advised of them, in order that I may report 
upon the matter in season. 
I am, sir, very respectfully, 
Goveror and Supjerintendent. 
:ommi&oner of Indian Af'airs, Washington city, D. 0. 
No. 75. 
Dayton, Oregn Taitor, January 27, 185-;. 
DEAR GEERAL: I enclose herewith a copy of a letter written by 
Father Cherouse, of Walla-Walla, to the father at the Dalles mission, 
the contents of which I think merits, and should receive, immediate 
attention. The picture may be strongly drawn, but unfortunately for 
the character and reputation of our troops, I fear it is too true. -I 
have, I think, undeniable evidence that a portion, of the Indians in 
the country referred to are; and have been, desirous of peace, and are 
willing to submit to almost any sacrifice to obtain it, but there may 
be a point beyond which they could not be induced to go without a. 
I am firmly of opinion that nothing short of the immediate occu- 
pancy of that country by regular United States troops can save these 
tribes from a participation in this war, the result of which would be 
to deluge the country in blood, and cast a stain of reproach upon our 
national reputation, as it is within our power to prevent it and restore
our country to a state of peace and quietude. To enable this depart- 
ment to-maintain guarantees secured these Indians by treaty stipula- 
tions, and carry out the policy of the government in its efforts to col-
onize these Indians upon the reservations designated, I have to request 
that you will direct at least one hundred United States troops to pro- 
ceed at once to the Cayuse country, to aid the agents of this depart- 
ment to establish an Indian encampment upon the Cayuse reserva-- 

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