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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855

[New Mexico Indians],   pp. 186-192 PDF (2.8 MB)

Page 186

had taken a course south to the settlements. The Indians were very 
eager to overtake the murderers; we rode at a brisk rate, but finding 
that their course led to the settlements, they thought it would be im- 
possible to overtake them, from the fact that they would steal fresh 
horses and remount, and our horses had by this time, many of them, 
broken down. 
Again, on or about the 20th instant, a party of Comanches stole 
from the Indians at this reservation some forty head of horses; I im- 
mediately sent a party of thirteen Indians in pursuit, who have not 
returned up to this date. 
These depredations, so frequently occurring, I can attribute to 
nothing else than the insufficiency of the troops now stationed on this 
frontier to protect the settlers, and also that protection promised the 
Indians now settled on this reservation. I have, therefore, thought 
proper to let small parties go out scouting, as I have been requested, 
both by the friendly Indians as well as citizens. These depredations, 
so frequently occurring, have a tendency to keep the Indians excited; 
otherwise, they are perfectly contented with their new homes. 
I have the honor also to enclose you my account current and re- 
turns, which I hope, on examination, will be found correct. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
S. P. ROSS, Special Indian Agent. 
Supervising Agent Texas Indians, Brazos Agency, Texas. 
P. S. During this month there has been no additional arrivals to 
any of the tribes or bands of Indians now settled on this reservation. 
S. P. ROSS. 
No. 94. 
Santa F , September, 1855. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following brief annual report 
of the condition of Indian affairs in this superintendency during the 
past year. 
At the date of my last year's report, both the Jicarilla and Mes- 
calero bands of the Apache tribe of Indians were in open hostilities, 
robbing and murdering our citizens whenever a favorable opportunity 
presented itself, and the Mohuache band of Utahs were occupying a 
very equivocal attitude, which soon resulted in hostilities on their 
part also. These bands continued their depredations with great suc- 
cess until the month of January, 1855, when Lieutenant Sturgis, 
with a party of dragoons and citizens, followed a party of about ten 
Mescaleros, who had been committing depredations near this place, 
whom he overtook, and killed nearly the whole party; and during 
the month of February, Captain Ewell made an expedition into the 
Mescalero country, with a party of dragoons, when he was attacked 

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