University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855

[Texas Indians],   pp. 177-186 PDF (4.2 MB)

Page 177

arrival in this nation; but ere long the female establishment will 
carry in number the victory over the male department. We have 
always desired it, for a good mother will raise good children. The kind 
and affectionate treatment which those mothers and children receive 
from their former female teachers cannot but have salutary and 
lasting effects. 
Whilst we begin to taste some half-ripe fruits from the tree of edu- 
cation, our hearts are grieved because we can afford no assistance to 
those youths who leave our school with the view of helping their 
parents. We have used much solicitude and energy to attain this end; 
the small allowance of $55, for board, tuition, clothing, &c., of each
child is not sufficient to meet our expenses. We have been successful 
until now to collect donations, exclusive from government allowance 
to the amount of $800 per annum, but the hope of receiving thes( 
donations no longer exists, nor do I see how to support this mission 
during the current year, having sustained the loss of our entire crop 
by a plague of grasshoppers. 
No. 91. 
BRAzos AGENCY, TEXAS, September 10, 1855. 
SnR: I have the honor, in compliance with the standing regulations 
of the department, to submit the following as my annual report: 
You have been advised from time to time, during the past year, of 
t.he changes that have taken place in our Indian relations, and I deem 
it unnecessary again to allude to any of the occurrences brought 
to your notice on my arrival at Washington on the 23d January last; 
and on my return, the effects of the military movements last winter 
were duly reported by Special Agent Hill and myself. 
Under your instructions of February 2, (as soon as I could possibly 
make the necessary arrangements,) I commenced the new policy of 
colonizing the Texas Indians on the lands set apart for them, but it 
was the 1st of March before it was possible to commence, which was 
so late in the season that it was impossible to expect any considerable 
success in farming this year. 
As soon as the reservations were opened for settlement all the In- 
dians immediately in the neighborhood assembled and selected their 
lands for farming purposes; and, although late, I instructed the. 
special agent in charge to have some land prepared, and to assist such 
of the Indians as were willing to work in planting corn; the result- 
was that there were about 400 acres of land planted, but owing to the 
extremely dry season experienced in this section, the yield has not 
been commensurate with the exertions made by the Indians to make 
their own   bread. The Caddoes, Anadahkoes, Wacoes and       Tah- 
waccorroes are the tribes who have been most foward in farming, 
and there is no doubt but they will, after the next crop, be able to 

Go up to Top of Page