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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Report of superintendent of Indian schools,   pp. 385-414 PDF (13.4 MB)

Page 385

Washington, D. C., July 1, 1905. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit hereby the twenty-third annual 
report of the Superintendent of Indian Schools for the fiscal year 
ended June 30, 1905, together with an appendix containing briefs 
of proceedings, papers, and discussions at institutes. 
In compliance with rule 5 of the ."Rules for the Indian School 
Service "-which states that 
It shall be the duty of the Superintendent of Indian Schools, under the direction
of the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, to assist in the administration of the educational
work of 
Indian schools; to organize government schools for Indian youth; to prepare
courses of 
study and circulars of instruction concerning the educational management
of the schools 
and methods of instruction; to examine and recommend text-books and other
appliances; to visit and inspect Indian schools, and from time to time report
to the Com- 
missioner of Indian Affairs concerning their condition, defects and requirements;
and to 
perform such other duty as he may direct- 
much time has been spent in the field during the past year visit- 
ing and inspecting schools and in reports on their condition; sugges- 
tions as to defects and requirements have been submitted from time 
to time.   Efforts have been put forth to maintain and increase the 
efficiency of the schools and to direct the class-room and industrial 
work along the most practical lines. 
Teachers have been especially encouraged to study the indi- 
vidual characteristics of their pupils and to adapt their methods 
of instruction and system of education to meet the needs of the 
particular tribes represented at their schools. They have been urged 
to realize the importance of having each pupil acquire in the shortest 
time possible a working knowledge of English, and an ability to cul- 
tivate an allotment of land so as to secure from it a comfortabe living.
With a view to bringing the school work up to as high a standard as 
possible, circulars of instruction, courses of study, and sample lessons
have been prepared and, after being approved by the Office, have 
been sent to the field, and assistance has been given to individual 
The schools have been encouraged to give to'pupils instruction in 
the native industries in order to preserve the useful arts and crafts 
of the old Indians and to add to the pupils' stock of profitable accom- 
Much time and attention have been given to preparation for and 
supervision of summer schools and institutes, which have been held 
for many years, for the purpose of extending to Indian teachers the 
benefits derived by public school teachers from attendance at edu- 
cational meetings. 
Many of the parents and children are giving evidence of a fuller 
appreciation of the benefits which #ceqpefrQm the instruction given 
IND 1905-25                                              385 

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