United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
Report concerning Indians in North Carolina, pp. 277-278 PDF (955.8 KB)
R APORT CONCERNING INDIANS IN NORTH: CAOLINA. 277 Miss Jolie A. Palin, field Matron, says: This has been a very hard year for the Zufii, as it commenced storming the 1st of December and kept it up until the 1st of May. The Zufi houses are covered with boards and dirt, and the walls, made of adobe bricks, when they become soaked, crumble. The water poured through their roofs so badly that they were compelled to move from room to room. In many cases all the rooms were flooded and the walls caved in, and they had to seek shelter with some of their friends. I kept a number at my quarters over night on account of the storms and high water. Under these conditions it was impossible to do much toward keeping their houses clean. I was glad to find places where they could stay and be comparatively dry. I did what I could toward caring for the babies, nursing the sick, and looking after them in general. I started a laundry last November, and the Indians were much pleased to have a place where they could come and be taught how to wash their clothes properly; but I am doing what I can to have them do this work in their homes. A great many of them now have tubs and washboards of their own and many others use mine. I encourage them to buy all such things for themselves and not depend on others, to teach them to be more inde- pendent. I am trying to teach them all to sew on the sewing machine. In that way they become very much Interested and want to buy one of their own. We now have fifteen machines In the village, and I have just ordered another for an Indian. I have a great deal of writing to do for them all the time. We have made on my sewing machine 104 shirts, 115 dresses, 31 bonnets, 35 shawls, 16 pairs of pants, 22 aprons, 3 pairs of mittens, 2 skirts, 4 towels, 81 pillows and pillowcases, 1 machine cover, 1 coat, 1 pair of stockings, and 1 hood; 417 articles In all. I put up 341 pictures in their houses as a reward for cleaning up so nicely. I spent 152 days visiting and made 1,034 visits, giving 2,269 instructions In the dif- ferent lines of work referred to above. We have had 57 births and 64 deaths. The death rate has overrun the birth rate again this year. Missionary work.-There are two missionaries, Rev. Andrew Vanderwagen and wife, of the Christian Reform Church, Holland, Mich. They have been here nine years, anl only those who are on the ground can understand the many difficulties and discouragements they meet with. They have just finished a very pretty chapel costing $1,500, the first Protestant church built in Zuni. Crime.-There have been two crimes committed on this reservation during the year. The first was committed by an Indian breaking into the agency stable and stealing 850 pounds of hay. He was arrested, taken to Gallup, and tried before the justice court. He pleaded guilty and was sentenced to three months in jail or pay a fine of $97.50, which he paid. The second crime was committed by a white man, who murdered his com- panion. They left Ramah June 4, 1905, on their way to Gallup, crossing the Zufli Reservation 5 miles north of Pescado. The dead body of the man was found ten days after by Zufii boys who were herding sheep. I was notified of the body being found, and went up and investigated it. I later identified the body as that of Walter Lyons, who had been teaching school in Concho, Ariz. The alleged murderer, Claude Doan, an ex-convict, who was traveling with him, was arrested and is now in the county jail at Gallup. Traders.-There are five traders on this reservation, three whites and two Indians. They carry an assorted stock, and all seem to be having a good trade. DOUGLAS D. GRAHAM, Superintendent and Special Disbursing Agent. REPORT CONCERNING INDIANS IN NORTH CAROLINA. REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF EASTERN CHEROKEE. CHEROKEE, N. C., August 22, 1905. I took charge of this school and agency September 1, 1904. I found the buildings in good condition and the school work well organized. The school year has been a successful one and good work has been done in all departments, particular attention being given to the industrial departments of the school. The fields have been put in condition and good crops are growing. The girls have kept the buildings in good order and have shown themselves to be apt scholars in their departments. The attendance has been regular, but not as large as it should have been. Much of the opposition of the Indians is disappearing, and the prospects are good for an increased attendance of pupils during the coming session. The health of the school has been remarkably good throughout the year, not a serious case of sickness occurring among the pupils..
As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright