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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Report concerning Indians in North Carolina,   pp. 277-278 PDF (955.8 KB)

Page 277

Miss Jolie A. Palin, field Matron, says: 
This has been a very hard year for the Zufii, as it commenced storming the
1st of 
December and kept it up until the 1st of May. The Zufi houses are covered
with boards 
and dirt, and the walls, made of adobe bricks, when they become soaked, crumble.
water poured through their roofs so badly that they were compelled to move
from room 
to room. In many cases all the rooms were flooded and the walls caved in,
and they had 
to seek shelter with some of their friends. I kept a number at my quarters
over night on 
account of the storms and high water. Under these conditions it was impossible
to do 
much toward keeping their houses clean. I was glad to find places where they
could stay 
and be comparatively dry. I did what I could toward caring for the babies,
nursing the 
sick, and looking after them in general. 
I started a laundry last November, and the Indians were much pleased to have
a place 
where they could come and be taught how to wash their clothes properly; but
I am doing 
what I can to have them do this work in their homes. A great many of them
now have 
tubs and washboards of their own and many others use mine. I encourage them
to buy 
all such things for themselves and not depend on others, to teach them to
be more inde- 
I am trying to teach them all to sew on the sewing machine. In that way they
very much Interested and want to buy one of their own. We now have fifteen
In the village, and I have just ordered another for an Indian. I have a great
deal of 
writing to do for them all the time. We have made on my sewing machine 104
115 dresses, 31 bonnets, 35 shawls, 16 pairs of pants, 22 aprons, 3 pairs
of mittens, 2 
skirts, 4 towels, 81 pillows and pillowcases, 1 machine cover, 1 coat, 1
pair of stockings, 
and 1 hood; 417 articles In all. I put up 341 pictures in their houses as
a reward for 
cleaning up so nicely. 
I spent 152 days visiting and made 1,034 visits, giving 2,269 instructions
In the dif- 
ferent lines of work referred to above. 
We have had 57 births and 64 deaths. The death rate has overrun the birth
rate again 
this year. 
Missionary work.-There are two missionaries, Rev. Andrew Vanderwagen 
and wife, of the Christian Reform Church, Holland, Mich. They have been 
here nine years, anl only those who are on the ground can understand the
difficulties and discouragements they meet with. They have just finished
very pretty chapel costing $1,500, the first Protestant church built in Zuni.
Crime.-There have been two crimes committed on this reservation during 
the year. The first was committed by an Indian breaking into the agency stable
and stealing 850 pounds of hay. He was arrested, taken to Gallup, and tried
before the justice court. He pleaded guilty and was sentenced to three months
in jail or pay a fine of $97.50, which he paid. 
The second crime was committed by a white man, who murdered his com- 
panion. They left Ramah June 4, 1905, on their way to Gallup, crossing the
Zufli Reservation 5 miles north of Pescado. The dead body of the man was
found ten days after by Zufii boys who were herding sheep. I was notified
the body being found, and went up and investigated it. I later identified
body as that of Walter Lyons, who had been teaching school in Concho, Ariz.
The alleged murderer, Claude Doan, an ex-convict, who was traveling with
him, was arrested and is now in the county jail at Gallup. 
Traders.-There are five traders on this reservation, three whites and two
Indians. They carry an assorted stock, and all seem to be having a good trade.
Superintendent and Special Disbursing Agent. 
CHEROKEE, N. C., August 22, 1905. 
I took charge of this school and agency September 1, 1904. 
I found the buildings in good condition and the school work well organized.
The school year has been a successful one and good work has been done in
all departments, particular attention being given to the industrial departments
of the school. The fields have been put in condition and good crops are growing.
The girls have kept the buildings in good order and have shown themselves
to be apt scholars in their departments. 
The attendance has been regular, but not as large as it should have been.
Much of the opposition of the Indians is disappearing, and the prospects
good for an increased attendance of pupils during the coming session. The
health of the school has been remarkably good throughout the year, not a
serious case of sickness occurring among the pupils.. 

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