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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in Nevada,   pp. 254-260 PDF (3.5 MB)

Page 254

cases with plenty to eat. From these they drifted in the spring, some few
to their own 
There has been a great deal of unrest and lack of confidence exhibited during
the year. 
These conditions and numerous others have made it difficult to gain their
confidence or 
make any headway in leading them to an interest in the things for which I
During the year I have been in 102 homes. Have made 392 visits, occupying
210 days, 
and have nursed and fed the sick and dying wherever I could reach them. In
cases this has been the means of opening the homes to me. 
My own home has been open to the visits of the women and children two days
in every 
week-the men frequently coming, too-at which time comforts have been made,
dresses, children's clothing, and sundry other garments cut and made, though
in this no 
great amount has been done, for many have machines and can cut and make their
The greatest need seems to be to encourage the returned students to apply
what they 
already know, and arouse a desire to make home attractive. An effort in this
has been made by the use of flowers, seeds, and slips, window curtains, pictures
put up on 
the walls, and the papering of the cabin with newspapers. In aiding in these
they have expressed some pleasure. 
The morals of the tribe are about as in other years. The marriage relation
is set 
very lightly by. It is no unusual thing to find that in a few months couples
have become 
disaffected and change companions and homes, the excuse being they could
not get on 
together. Their children shift around, hardly knowing where "home "
is till they 
come to school age and are taken In at the boarding school. 
In January, with the hope of doing something in the way of religious help,
I asked the 
Christian Endeavor Society of the church to take up Sabbath afternoon work-a
gospel song service. We went first to the sick, but later we have gone anywhere
they wanted us. I first asked them if they would like to have us come, but
now we are 
frequently asked by the Indians to come. We have had as many as sixteen gather
these services. We go to their own camps, of course. 
The coming among us of Supervisor Scoville has been a great aid in bringing
Indians and me to a better understanding, I think, they having been told
that I was here 
as a spy. And I can but believe she has been a help to the Indians in bringing
them to 
desire a better condition of home life. Her kindly spirit, which was able
to tell them 
their faults yet add encouragement and urge to a new beginning where returned
had yielded to the old life or worse, was worthy of imitation so far as it
can be adopted 
by another. We only wish she could have stayed longer. To me the work seems
hopeful than a year ago. 
SARAH H. CHAPIN, Field Matron. 
STEWART, NEV., August 4, 1905. 
As to the general conditions affecting the attendance and agricultural work,
I respectfully refer to my report of last year. The attendance for the past
year has been somewhat larger than in any previous year, being made possible
by the new buildings which were finished in December. Our pupils are drawn
from scattering Indian settlements, very few of them being from any reserva-
tion. There seems to be an improvement in the sentiment toward the school,
though there are still many who are reluctant to have their children attend.
The present policy of the Indian Office to increase the day schools instead
of the 
nonreservation schools would hardly apply to these Indians, as they live
a few 
in a place among the ranches, and have no opportunity to attend school except
here or in other nonreservation schools. It will not be possible for this
to accommodate them unless our capacity is increased, as we have already
more than the figured capacity. 
We had erected last year employees' cottage, schoolhouse (one-half large
enough), and hospital; also installed a pipe line and heating plant for our
main building, which greatly improved the plant. 
The schoolroom work for the past year has been quite satisfactory in spite
the fact that we had three or four changes in teachers, with temporary teachers
The industrial departments have done very good work, many of the pupils 
manifesting an increasing interest in their trades. The carpenter detail
accomplished a great deal of work, and all of the plumbing, including consid-
erable new work, has been done by the engineer and his detail. There has
an effort to do as much of the mechanical work with our own force as possible,
not only for the sake of economy, but for the instruction of the pupils.
Our farm operations have been very successful considering the limited 
amount of water. There is under consideration at the present time the pur-
chase of an additional piece of land with some water right, which will improve

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