United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1904, Part I
Reports concerning Indians in Indian territory, pp. 181-209 PDF (14.5 MB)
REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN INDIAN TERRITORY. 181 a lasting benefit.to the Indians it has had, in many cases, just the opposite result and in a short time, if continued, will be on a par with the old ration system and just as harmful. It is self-evident that an Indian will put in a small patch of ground just to secure permission to lease his surplus land for a term of years, then abandon the planted field and idle away his time, depending entirely upon his rent money for sub- sistence. This is practically the same in effect as the old system of annuities and rations. The leasing system, in my opinion, should extend only to the old and incapacitated and never to an able-bodied male unless he has at least 80 acres under cultivation. Industry.-As previously stated, this is a strictly agricultural country, the Indians raising wheat for their principal crop and oats, barley, corn, and vegetables as a side issue. The raising of cattle and swine should not be overlooked, however, as some of our Indians have made a very creditable showing in this line. We have two sawmills located on Indian timber reserves. These mills saw into lumber all logs hauled to them by the Indians. By so doing the allottees are pro- vided with quantities of good building material to construct comfortable homes. I large number have taken advantage of this opportunity, as the report of the sawyer shows that 466,580 feet of lumber was manufactured at the mills during the last fiscal year for the exclusive use of the Indians. Vital statistics.-It will be observed that the census accompanying this report shows only 6 births and 18 deaths. The report, beyond question, is incorrect, but the records give these figures and the space of time will not allow a verification or dis- proval of the same. The sanitary condition of our school plant is not at all satisfactory. I believe an attempt was made at one time to construct u system of drainage by small tiling and open ditches. These, however, soon became clogged, and as a result we have pools of stagnant water and filth standing under and near some of the buildings. Some- thing must be done immediately to remedy this evil. Improvements and repairs.-Some substantial repairs have lately been made to this plant by my predecessors, but many more are needed; the writer has already sent in estimate for such. We should have a new and complete water and sewer system at once. My incumbency has been of such short duration that I am unable to report intelli- gently on the general efficiency of the employees or treatment by the Indian office. Very respectfully, F. G. MATTOON, Superintendent. The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN INDIAN TERRITORY. REPORT OF SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF QUAPAW AGENCY. SENECA INDIAN TRAINING SCHOOL, QuAPAW AGENCY, IND. T., Wyandotte, Ind. T., August 24, 1904. SIR: I have the honor to submit the annual report on the Quapaw Agency and the Seneca Indian School, Indian Territory, for the fiscal year 1904. Agency.-In the northeast corner of the Indian Territory are located seven small tribes, or remnants of tribes, whose reservations comprise the Quapaw Agency. These tribes are the Quapaw, Wyandot, Seneca, Eastern Shawnee, Ottawa, Confeder- ated Peoria and Miami, and Modoc. The reservations of all these tribes cover about 212,000 acres. The agency has an Indian population of about 1,600 and white pop- ulation of about 7,000. It is destined to become a county in the new State soon to be formed by a union of Oklahoma and Indian Territories, and, as a county, will be one of the richest in the State. Here are rich bottom lands, broad fertile prairies, five beautiful clear- water streams of good size, besides numerous lesser streams, and a plentiful supply of timber of all kinds. Here, also, minerals, zinc and lead, exist in paying quanti- ties. The Quapaw Agency has been designated by act of Congress as the first recording district of the Indian Territory, with the place of record at Miami. All lands in this agency have been allotted in severalty to the members of the vari- ous Indian tribes, excepting 535 acres in the Wyandot Reservation, 1,587 acres in the Ottawa Reserve, 160 acres in the Quapaw Reserve, and 24 acres in the Modoc Reserve.
As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright