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Information bulletin
(January 1952)

McCloy, John J.
New Year's message,   pp. 17-18 PDF (1.2 MB)


Page 17


New Year's Message
Address
By JOHN J. MeCLOY
US High Commissioner for Germany
T IIS IS THE THIRD YEAR in suc-
cession that my family and I have      This address M
had the privilege of being in Berlin  RIAS, the Americ
to celebrate the coming of the New   station in West
Year. I am grateful forthe opportunity  Year's Eve. Mr.
to speak again over RIAS, this great  German.
voice of freedom, with the people of
Beilin and with the people of Germany-all Germany.
Each of these years has marked great improvement and
progress in the Federal Republic. Economic rehabilitation
in the West has been spectacular.
The latest index of production in the Federal Republic
has reached the astounding mark of 148 percent of 1936.
Keep in mind that this is entirely non-military, for up to the
present there has been no production of armaments what-
soever in the Federal Republic. It is regrettable that po-
liticcl conditions have continued to retard heavily prog-
ress in the Soviet Zone and that the people in that zone
and in the satellite countries have not been able to enjoy
the benefits of such increased production.
In contrast to the figure for the Federal Republic just
given, the production index in West Berlin is only 51 per-
cenL of 1936. That, however, is an increase of 34 percent
since 1949, when, owing to Soviet strangulation, it was
down to a low of 17.
TN THE POLITICAL FIELD likewise the progress of the
I Federal Republic has been spectacular. The Federal
Government has gone through the period of organizational
pains. It now has achieved a place of dignity in world
councils, and its opinions are weighed and respected by
an cver-growing circle of nations.
The Federal Republic is rapidly approaching the status
of full partnership with the free nations. In the conven-
tions now being negotiated with the Federal Government,
the Western Allies are reserving only those rights which
the Soviet threat makes necessary. The reserved rights
are those:
1. Incidental to the security of the Allied troops in
Germany.
2. Necessary to maintain the freedom of this city of West
Beronn and its people.
3. Necessary to preserve Allied and German rights at
the final peace negotiations.
The reservations are clearly in the interest of the Ger-
man people themselves. They are also necessary for the
preservation of the security of the free world. They
emphasize the determination of the Western Powers to
stand beside the German people against totalitarian
aggression.
Paralleling our relationship with
ias broadcast over  the Federal Republic we intend to
an-sponsored radio  grant to the authorities of this city,
Berlin, on New    control over their own affairs, subject
McCloy spoke in    only to the special limitations neces-
sary to preserve our rights to remain
in and protect the city.
I HAVE JUST REFERRED to the remarkable economic and
political progress which the Federal Republic has made
in the last year. I will refrain from any comparison with
the Soviet Zone of Germany or with life in the satellite
countries or in Russia itself. The differences are apparent
to us all.
Five months ago, during the so-called World Youth Fes-
tival here in Berlin, I met and talked with hundreds of
young men and women from the Soviet Zone. We met here
at RIAS and at my house in Dahlem. Together, we had an
unusual chance to discuss openly the questions which
were on their minds. Meeting with these young people was
one of the most vivid, if indeed it was not the most moving,
experience I have had in my years in Germany.
These young men and women showed courage in coming
to the Western sectors. The seriousness of their questions
The Allied High Commissioners discuss matters in-
formally prior to their meeting Dec. 20 in the Quartier
Napoleon, French headquarters in Berlin. Left to right
are Sir Ivone Kirkpatrick, United Kingdom High Com-
missioner, Andre Francois-Poncet, French High Com-
missioner, and John J. McCloy, US High Commissioner.
INFORMATION BULLETIN
JANUARY 1952
17


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