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Information bulletin
No. 131 (March 23, 1948)

Editorial opinion in German press,   pp. 13-15 PDF (1.7 MB)

Page 13

The Weser Kurier (Bremen) pointed
out that the 1846 revolutionary move-
ment contains lessons applicable
today, especially as regards freedom
of the press:
"Article 4 of the constitution pro-
mulgated by the National Assembly
stated that "freedom of the press may
in no circumstances be suspended or
abrogated." Just as the reaction that
followed destroyed this fundamental
right, so today attempts are again
being made to bend or break this
still tender plant. For instance, in
Rheinland-Pfalz, the sensitive Staats-
ministerium has just excluded the
"Rhein Zeitung" from press confer-
ences because it felt itself attacked
by an article in that paper. Such anti-
democratic pedantry is regrettably
not an isolated case . . . . Restriction
of press freedom in modern history
has always been the forerunner to
cutting down of the rights of the
people . . . . We owe it to the living
memory of the 1848 revolution to
resist this reactionary  movement
vigorously and in time."
Schaeffer Election
The chief editor of the Passauer
Neue Presse enthusiastically supported
the election of Dr. Fritz Schaeffer
as CSU chairman in Upper Bavaria.
He said:
"The election is a great political
event, not so much in itself as for
the consequences which will follow ...
Smart men have recognized that the
people are in favor of the "Bayern-
partei." The future direction of the
CSU now will not be decided by
state convention but from the grass
roots in the district conventions. Not
only Upper Bavaria but also Swabia
and Lower Bavaria stand behind
Schaeffer. If the  state chairman,
Joseph Mueller, cannot come to an
agreement with him he will suffer
defeat, or the CSU will be split.."
Fraenkischer Tag (Bamberg) could
not see any other outcome of the
MARCH 23, 1948
Schaeffer-Mueller feud than a splitting
of CSU in two, with a merger of one
of its wings with "Bayernpartei." The
paper added:
"Would that be so terrible? A big
party does not weaken itself by a
clear separation when it suffers under
the rivalry of two, three or more
wings. The inner tensions impede
any big political action. After a clean
separation one can again become a
partner in many questions, and in
those that caused the separation one
can look around for other partners.
The greater freedom of action that
would thereby be achieved would be
good medicine against stagnation in
the state legislature".
France and Germany
Sueddeutsche AlIgemelne  (Pforz-
heim) pointed out that a future
Franco-German war is almost incon-
"The world today is split into two
gigantic camps . . . . If war should
come, it will be a global war; fronts
would reach from pole to pole. A
"private" German-French war would
be an absolute impossibility in the
day of the atom bomb, rocket weapons
and jet planes .... France represents
Europe's ancient culture. Since Ger-
many has, through its own actions,
lost its claim to the spiritual leader-
ship of Europe, It is up to France to
undertake it... But to take advantage
Of this opportunity, F y h must go
the way of European cooperation...."
The Frankenpost (Hof) pleaded for
a German Ruhr. It said:
"French pressure to deprive Ger-
many of power over the Ruhr is
based on the desire for security....
Security and world peace cannot be
endangered by the present diminished
and powerless Germany. Peace can
only be secured by General disarma-
ment and its control by the United
Nations, to which one day Germany
must also belong .... We cannot stand
starvation any longer... We finally
want to be again allowed to use our
natural resoures and our talents....
We want to build neither cannons
nor bombers but locomotives and
ploughs for our own use to sell them
to countries which can sell us bread,
and to pay reparations as far as can
be humanely justified...."
Direct Provocation
Licensee Arno Rudert wrote in the
FrankfurterRundschau that the nomi-
nation of Johannes Semler to the
Bizonal Economics Council, after he
was dismissed by the Military Gover-
nors of the US and British Zones as
executive director of the Bizonal
Economics Department, was a direct
provocation against Military Govern-
ment. Rudert said MG's action was
fully justified and desirable.
"This man was impossible, and the
CSU endeavors to give satisfaction
not to MG but to Herr Dr. Semler ...
No German politician should deceive
himself-German development remains
under the control of the occupation
powers, and this control is not
merely theoretical ... we only wish
that there were also a sharp German
control over certain suspicious Ger-
man elements. German democracy
would pay dearly if MG did not to-
day protect it against enemies in its
own camp..."
NiederbayerischeNachrichten (Strau-
bing) commented on the US Military
Governor's and CSU's actions in
Freedom of the Press is Defended
Editor's Note
This section is devoted to
authentic translations of editorials
and reports in the German press.
The publishing of these trans-
lations is intended to inform the
readers among the occupational
forces of what the Germans are
writing and thinking, and not nec-
essarily to give any concurrence
to their views and opinions.

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